Company Registration in Cyprus

Cyprus has emerged as a highly sought-after jurisdiction for entrepreneurs and businesses seeking to establish a company in a strategically advantageous location within the European Union. The process of incorporating a company in Cyprus is streamlined, offering numerous benefits for those looking to operate in a business-friendly environment with favourable tax regulations and a robust legal framework.

  • Decide on the type of business entity that aligns with your goals. Common options include a private limited liability company (Ltd), a public company, or a branch of an overseas corporation.
  • Select a unique and distinctive name for your company, ensuring it complies with Cyprus’ naming regulations. The proposed name must be submitted to the Registrar of Companies for approval and reservation.
  • Prepare the Memorandum and Articles of Association, outlining the company’s objectives, structure, and internal regulations. This documentation is a crucial part of the incorporation process.
  • Appoint at least one director and a company secretary. Directors can be individuals or corporate entities, and at least one director must be a resident of Cyprus.
  • Determine the share capital of the company. Cyprus allows for flexibility in terms of the minimum share capital requirement, and shares can be denominated in any currency.
  • Establish a registered office in Cyprus, where official documents and notices can be served. This office is crucial for compliance with legal requirements.
  • Obtain a Tax Identification Number for the company and register for VAT if applicable. Cyprus offers an attractive corporate tax regime with one of the lowest corporate tax rates in the European Union.
  • Open a corporate bank account in Cyprus. Most banks in Cyprus offer a range of banking services tailored to the needs of businesses, making the process efficient and convenient.
  • Submit the required documents, including the Memorandum and Articles of Association, director and secretary details, and any other relevant documentation, to the Registrar of Companies in Cyprus.
  • Upon successful review and approval of the application, the Registrar of Companies issues a Certificate of Incorporation. This certificate officially registers the company and allows it to commence its operations.

COMPANY FORMATION IN CYPRUS

1, 800 EUR
  • Company Registration
  • Payment of State Duty
  • Legal address for 1 year
  • Share Certificate
  • Company Seal
  • Company Secretary
  • Completely Remotely

Open business in Cyprus

Our services ensure a smooth process for company registration in Cyprus, a jurisdiction favourably recognized internationally. At the moment it is possible to open a company in Cyprus, without fear of the latter on the international market, as Cyprus is not offshore, so does not fall into the black list of most countries. All Cypriot companies are officially registered with the State and there is a requirement to hold mandatory annual shareholders’ meetings, to submit financial statements to supervisory bodies and to audit.

Partner with us to open a company in Cyprus swiftly and securely in this advantageous business landscape.

Corporate services in Cyprus

Advantages

Worldwide recognition of the jurisdiction

Confidentiality to the beneficiary of the company

One of the lowest income tax in Europe

Access to the European Economic Area (EEA)

The advantages of opening a company in Cyprus for international entrepreneurs

  • is one of the best international reputations, especially when compared to classic forms of offshore with similar taxation;
  • has a double taxation protection agreement with more than 60 states worldwide;
  • tax rates are reduced for certain activities;
  • financial statements comply with applicable international standards;
  • does not provide for tax payments on external and internal dividends, income from securities sales, capital gains;
  • there are favourable conditions for the registration of holdings due to the loyal control of state authorities, there is no tax on consolidation;
  • low maintenance costs compared to most EU countries;
  • simple company registration without a lot of bureaucratic procedures;
  • the possibility of using a nominal service is allowed,
  • the possibility of transferring the company’s losses for a new tax period until full repayment without negative consequences for the company and its owners.

Cyprus Cyprus uses one of the most loyal tax policies within the entire European Union. Owners of the Cyprus company get such undeniable advantages as zero tax on transactions with securities, revenues from foreign subsidiaries and subsidiaries, conversion of real estate into possession.

The Government of Cyprus has made it possible for international entrepreneurs not only to establish business in Cyprus but also to live freely both in Cyprus and abroad.

Company registration in Cyprus – a number of undeniable advantages:

  • it is possible to run a business entirely remotely with minimal personal involvement and low costs compared to other EU countries;
  • no minimum capital requirements;
  • company registration documents are available in English;
  • within 2-3 business days, you can obtain the number of the VAT payer;
  • it is possible to engage the nominee director and nominee shareholder, which gives the maximum possible confidentiality to the beneficiary of the company;
  • the opportunity to buy a ready-made company, which allows you to quickly start operations;
  • the limited liability company in Cyprus (Ltd) in case of closure can be restored within the next 20 years;
  • liquidation of business is carried out at the request of the owner with a minimum set of procedures;
  • the country is not on the OECD blacklist, which protects the Cyprus company from difficulties in cooperating with other foreign companies.

The main reasons to register a business in Cyprus:

  • income tax – 12.5%, one of the lowest in Europe;
  • with the widespread introduction of online services, virtually all registration procedures can be performed remotely, including the management of the company and its bank account;
  • not necessarily a resident of Cyprus – a foreigner may establish a company in Cyprus;
  • documents, certificates and certificates are allowed to be submitted in English;
  • after the company’s establishment, you can open both corporate and personal bank accounts;
  • there are no strict requirements regarding the size of the authorized capital of the company;
  • service to the company is significantly cheaper than in other EU countries;

Getting a VAT number in Cyprus

The new company will also have to register with the tax office to become a VAT payer. This can be done in person or by proxy. In order to pay social contributions, it will also be necessary to register the company with the Ministry of Labour of Cyprus.

More information about getting the VAT number for the Cyprus company is available here.

Advantages of business registration in Cyprus

Cyprus is part of the European Economic Area, so it will be an ideal jurisdiction to register your company if you want to cooperate with other EU countries. The state is known for the preferential tax regime and simplified procedure of registration of the company, the possibility of quick obtaining VAT-number for interaction with European partners, the procedure for obtaining residence permits for third-country citizens. Cyprus has a high international reputation and will be suitable for many entrepreneurs wishing to enter the European market.

Cyprus has an agreement to avoid double taxation with most European countries. Running the business with a Cyprus-based company is very convenient.

Registration of the company in Cyprus is quite simple and does not take long, it takes from 7 days to register, and the whole procedure can be carried out remotely.

Since Cyprus is part of the European Union, the company registered in Cyprus is considered European, which positively affects the reputation of your business.

Cyprus is a comfortable country for business and living. There is a large international community, education and health care available in English.

Profit tax -12.5% – one of the lowest tax rates in Europe. Income from dividends and securities transactions are not subject to taxation.

There are no clear regulations regarding the size of the authorized capital of the company, as it depends on the specifics of the work of each company.

The official languages of Cyprus are Turkish and Greek, but English is widely used in the corporate environment. All company documents can be provided in English.

The Government is trying to create a comfortable environment not only for business, but also for comfortable living on the island for non-residents of the country.

General information on Cyprus

capital

Capital

population

Population

currency

Currency

languages

Languages

area

Area

Nicosia 1,229,000
(838,897 southern Cyprus)
 Euro Greek and English 9.3 thousand km2

Organizational requirements for company registration in Cyprus

The activity of commercial organizations in Cyprus is carried out in accordance with the Law «About Companies». The legislation of Cyprus is based on British law, with some amendments, which greatly simplifies the procedure of registration and business for international entrepreneurs.

Changes in 2003 have virtually eliminated the distinction between offshore companies and local firms. Only status is considered – whether the organization is a resident of Cyprus.

A business whose manager is present in the country shall be recognized as a resident of Cyprus. The period of stay shall not be less than 183 days.

You can register a company in Cyprus in almost any field. If financial, insurance or banking activities are to be carried out, a license will be required.

Licensing of financial activities is the responsibility of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Cyprus.

Cyprus is the most favourable country in the EU for doing business in finance, but to start providing financial services you should go through the licensing procedure.

In Cyprus, the state regulator of all financial services is the Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), and licenses are issued by the Central Bank (Central Bank of Cyprus). All financial organizations are registered in the Unified State Register after receiving the license.

Requirements for Cyprus company:

  • at least one director;
  • a minimum of one shareholder;
  • one person may act as director and shareholder;
  • may involve not only natural persons but also legal entities as director;
  • is allowed to use nominal service;
  • one secretary, who can only be a local or non-resident individual.

Requirements for international entrepreneurs:

  • the founder must be over 18 years old
  • the founder must confirm the address of registration or actual residence
  • the founder of the company must undergo AML-verification and verify his identity
  • the founder must fill in a form about the company to be established

Step-by-step Registration of the Company in Cyprus

With our help, you will be able to register a company in the Republic of Cyprus as soon as possible. You do not need to understand all the intricacies and prepare documents. It is enough to contact us and after consultation to provide the minimum package of documents:

  • passport
  • proof of residence
  • a description of the company’s future activities
  • the name of the company (preferably not less than 3 options)

If it is assumed that there will be several owners in the structure of the company – passport and proof of residence must be provided for each participant. In case of a more complex structure of the company, it is necessary to describe it in more detail, after which the lawyers of RUE will provide the list of necessary documentation.

On the basis of these documents, we will prepare everything necessary and in a short time we will register the Company for you.

In addition to registration of the company from scratch, we offer ready-made solutions – re-registration of the already existing Cyprus company to the new owner.

It should also be borne in mind that your company must not have a mass legal address in the territory of the Republic of Cyprus. You can rent an office, buy a room or contact our specialists who are always happy to help you.

List of documents submitted to the Register in Cyprus

  • secretary’s note;
  • director’s reference;
  • Certificate of registration in Greek or English;
  • Certificate of official registered address;
  • copies of the shareholders’ passports;
  • Company Charter and Founding Agreement;
  • key points from the first board meeting;
  • the name approved in the Trade Register;
  • non-trade order of activity;

Necessary documents for obtaining a financial license in Cyprus

To obtain one of the financial licenses in Cyprus, you should submit the following documents to CySEC:

  • Documents confirming the identity of the owners of the company
  • Articles of Association and founding agreement of the company
  • Information confirming the professional suitability of the company’s managers
  • Letter of recommendation from the bank
  • The confirmation of the income level of the owners of the company and the company itself
  • The business plan
  • Transaction program with detailed description of payment services
  • Documents confirming the initial capital required
  • Detailed description of the company’s management mechanisms and cash flow control
  • Organizational chart, including the company’s departments and the heads of these departments
  • Measures to prevent the legalization of illicit income

Additional information about company registration in Cyprus

Depending on the direction of business, the authorized body must issue a license, to confirm the right of the company to conduct its business.

It’ll take about a week to get a permit. However, if the company is engaged in insurance or banking activities, the licensing process may take several months.

It is possible to hold accounts in Cyprus as a resident of the country and a foreign citizen.

To open an account with the Cyprus Bank, you will need to file a package of documents, including:

  • a notarized copy of the passport
  • proof of address of actual residence (for example, utility bills)
  • confirmation of the legality of income (tax declaration)
  • recommendations from other companies, banks in Europe, with which the applicant previously cooperated

Some banks ask for other documents – the list needs to be specified in a particular financial institution. The time and cost of opening an account depends on the selected service package and the bank’s policy.

Limited liability companies in Cyprus (Ltd) have such officers as director, secretary, shareholders, beneficiaries.

1. Headmistress

Directors appoint shareholders and, if necessary, decide on their replacement. The Director may be a resident or non-resident, a natural or legal person, and has the authority to sign the company and to manage the company’s bank accounts. Once a company is established in Cyprus, the information about its director is placed in the Register of Companies and becomes publicly available.

2. Secretary

The presence of a secretary is a must for all Cypriot companies. Among his duties – filing documents in the Register, storage of documents, corporate correspondence and other. The right of signature does not have the secretary. Mainly secretarial functions entrust legal companies that provide a full range of corporate services to international non-resident entrepreneurs of Cyprus.

3. Shareholders

The shareholders of the Cyprus Company may be natural or legal persons, including non-residents of the country. Information about shareholders and their shares shall be recorded in the Register and become available to third parties only upon special request.

4. Beneficiary

The beneficiary of the Cyprus company is the person who manages the company.  The information about the beneficiary of the Cyprus company is confidential and not is registered in the Register of Companies, and also not subject to disclosure to third parties – banking, auditing and other organizations.

The Cyprus company undertakes to pay tax. The profit tax is 12.5%, for domestic transactions is provided VAT of 19%. Among the undeniable advantages, I would like to highlight the absence of taxes in key areas – acquisition of real estate, inheritance, receipt of assets, payment for municipal services. In addition, income from securities transactions and dividends are not subject to taxation.

Required annual reporting for Cyprus Company:

  • financial statements with the opinion of an external auditor;
  • the tax return for the reporting period;
  • financial statement in Greek;
  • annual report with information about the secretary, directors and shareholders.

The first three years of the company’s operations are reported to the Tax Department. In addition, a document in Greek is submitted to the Registration Chamber of Cyprus.

Profit Tax
0-12.5% The need for an annual report check
VAT
0-19% Need for an audit opinion check
Need for accounting check Physical office
No

  • The data about the director of the company in Cyprus are freely available, while the name of the owner is not subject to disclosure.
  • Reports on the company’s activities must be submitted in two languages – English and Greek. The reports include an annual financial report and a tax return.
  • Cyprus has a favourable regime for the taxation of intellectual property income – the company’s profit tax rate can be reduced to 2.5%.
  • It is recommended that at least one of the company’s directors have a registration in Cyprus, as this will allow you to take advantage of the great advantages of the jurisdiction.

Prior to the registration of a company in Cyprus should be aware of the existing organizational and legal forms of business. The most popular form of business activity is Private company limited by shares – a company with limited liability.

  • Public company limited by shares – limited liability company
  • Exempt private company – a company of the closed type, exempted from taxation
  • Company limited by guarantee – a company with the responsibility of participants within the guaranteed amount
  • Partnership – partnership
  • Trust – Trust

Cyprus serves as a gateway between Europe, the Middle East, and Asia, making it an ideal location for international business. Cyprus offers a competitive and transparent tax system, including low corporate tax rates, tax exemptions, and double taxation treaties with numerous countries.

As a member of the European Union, companies incorporated in Cyprus enjoy the benefits of access to the EU single market and various business-friendly regulations.

Cyprus has a well-established legal framework based on English common law principles, providing a stable and predictable business environment.

Cyprus boasts a well-educated and multilingual workforce, contributing to a dynamic and versatile business environment.

In summary, incorporating a company in Cyprus presents an opportunity to operate within a favourable business climate that combines strategic geographical positioning, a robust legal framework, and advantageous tax regulations. The process is efficient, and the resulting corporate entity can leverage the benefits of Cyprus’ EU membership for international business activities.

Key Advantages of Initiating a Business in Cyprus:

  • EU Membership: Cyprus holds membership in the European Union, a factor that assists businesses in mitigating exchange rate risks and enhancing monetary transparency.
  • Double Taxation Treaties: Cyprus has entered into treaties with over 50 countries to prevent double taxation on foreign companies operating in the country. This contributes to an attractive tax regime, featuring multiple tax incentives.
  • Low Corporate Tax: Cyprus boasts one of the lowest corporate tax rates in Europe, standing at just 12.5%. This favourable tax environment serves as a significant incentive for individuals to embark on business ventures in Cyprus.

In Cyprus, businesses are required to contribute only 12.5% of their profits to the government, showcasing one of the lowest corporate tax rates in Europe. Additionally, corporations enjoy exemptions from taxes on the sale of securities, dividends, and, under specific circumstances, capital gains. The country operates under a territorial tax system, taxing only locally generated revenue. By leveraging double taxation agreements, establishing a business in Cyprus can result in substantial tax reductions.

Compared to continental Europe, Cyprus imposes less bureaucratic scrutiny on businesses. Moreover, businesses initiated in Cyprus carry significant influence and a positive reputation beyond its borders. This enables investors to establish business headquarters in Cyprus and conduct operations across Europe without encountering additional licensing requirements. Cyprus is responsive to the needs of both domestic and international enterprises, offering attractive tax incentives and deductions implemented by the government.

For prospective business ideas in Cyprus, particularly in the banking and financial consultancy sectors, there is significant potential for profitability and rapid growth. Cyprus has been a preferred destination for international investors over the past two decades, with a notable increase in investments flowing through Cyprus to Asia (especially China and India), South America, and the Middle East. While not comparable to banking, the shipping industry in Cyprus boasts over 130 firms, operating Europe’s third-largest and the world’s eleventh-largest merchant fleet, contributing up to 7% of the annual GDP. Additionally, the thriving insurance industry in Cyprus meets high demand from both private and public organizations.

Factors to Contemplate When Launching a Business in Cyprus

When contemplating entering the business realm in Cyprus, foreign entrepreneurs should consider various aspects, including:

  1. Distinct formalities associated with each company structure.
  2. The necessity for legal or registered physical addresses in Cyprus (virtual offices are deemed acceptable).
  3. Procedures for name reservation and registration.
  4. Immediate registration for taxation and employment purposes following incorporation.
  5. The requirement for obtaining special licenses and permissions from the government.

Questions regarding the expenses associated with initiating a business in Cyprus are commonly raised. Fortunately, these costs are relatively reasonable, and certain procedures incur no charges. The fixed costs for commencing a business in Cyprus encompass:

  1. Company registration fee
  2. Annual maintenance fees
  3. Accounting fees

Nominee services (for shareholder and director) and company secretary services are frequently utilized by foreign entrepreneurs in Cyprus, as local directorships are mandatory by law.

There are five company structures available for foreign investors conducting business in Cyprus:

  • Private Limited Liability Company by Shares: This is the most prevalent structure, with no minimum share capital requirement, and limited liability for members. The number of non-transferable shareholders ranges from 1 to 50.
  • Public Limited Liability Company: For this structure, the minimum capital is 25,629 EUR, and shares are transferable. A minimum of 7 shareholders is required.
  • Limited Liability Company by Guarantee without Share Capital: Typically established for charitable or non-commercial purposes, this structure allows each participant to determine their responsibility limit, which must be agreed upon before participation.
  • Limited Liability Corporation: This structure, defined by its memorandum of association, can restrict the responsibility of its members and can be either private or public.
  • Variable Capital Investment Company: Characterized by a variable value instead of a nominal value, this structure requires an initial capital ranging from 50,000 to 300,000 EUR. The number of members for a private business is from 1 to 50, while a public firm must have at least one member.

The Republic of Cyprus is a former British colony. Today it is a full member of the European Union with a developed economy and the possibility of simple business registration. Although Greek and Turkish are recognized as official languages, English is widely spoken and since 2008 the official currency of Cyprus is the euro. All this simplifies the conduct of business for international entrepreneurs.

Today, investments are actively made here thanks to the attraction of capital from the EU, Asia, Middle East, Russia and South America. It is also home to the largest transport hub, which provides a large volume of goods and goods for various purposes.

What types of companies exist in Cyprus?

Cyprus, as one of the world’s leading financial centers, offers a variety of forms of legal entities for doing business, thus attracting investors and entrepreneurs from all over the world. There are different types of companies in the country, each of which has its own characteristics, advantages and purpose. This article provides a detailed overview of the main types of companies in Cyprus, their characteristics and requirements for the establishment.

1. Private Limited CompanyPrivate Limited Company)

This is the most common type of company in Cyprus, preferred for small and medium-sized businesses. It is characterized by limited liability of shareholders within the limits of their contribution to the authorized capital of the company. A private limited liability company must include the word “Limited” or the abbreviation “Ltd”in its name. Main Features:

  • The maximum number of shareholders is limited to 50.
  • Ban on public trading of shares.
  • The minimum authorized capital is not set.

2. Public Limited Company Limited Company)

Public joint stock companies in Cyprus can issue shares for free sale to the general public and exchange trading. This type of company is often chosen by large enterprises that need significant investment. Basic requirements:

  • The minimum authorized capital is 25,629 euros.
  • Mandatory registration of shares with the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission.
  • There is no limit on the number of shareholders.

3. Partnership company

A partnership company in Cyprus can be established asa General Partnershipor asa Limited Partnership. In a general partnership, all partners have unlimited liability, whereas in a limited partnership, one or more partners have limited liability, and at least one partner has unlimited liability. Partnerships are often used for professional services, such as law or accounting firms.

4. Offshore company

Although the term “offshore company” is not officially used in the legislation of Cyprus, the country offers attractive tax conditions for foreign investors, which makes it a popular place to register companies operating outside of Cyprus. Such companies can enjoy low tax rates, including one of the lowest corporate tax rates in Europe.

5. Branch of a foreign company

Foreign companies can establish their branches in Cyprus, while retaining a legal entity registered in another jurisdiction. The branch must register with the Cyprus Commercial Register and meet the same tax obligations as local companies.

6. European Company (Societas Europaea, SE)

This type of company allows you to operate in any country of the European Union under a single European brand. SE is a public joint stock company with a minimum authorized capital of 120,000 euros.

Conclusion

Cyprus offers a wide range of legal forms for doing business that meet the diverse needs and strategies of investors. Choosing the right type of company depends on many factors, including the scale of operations, ownership structure, tax planning, and investment goals. Regardless of the chosen form, it is important to carefully study local legislation and use expert advice to ensure compliance with all requirements and optimize business processes.

 Tparagraphs with information on tax rates for Cypriot companies, including additional categories and notes:

Tax Category Rate Note
Corporate income tax 12.5% Applies to income earned worldwide by resident companies
Value Added Tax (VAT) 19% Standard rate, with reduced rates for certain goods and services
Personal income tax Up to 35% Progressive scale depending on income, with a maximum rate of 35%
Social tax Up to 15.6% Includes contributions to health insurance, social security, etc. from the employer and employee
Tax on dividends 0% dividend tax There is no withholding tax on dividends paid to non-residents; resident dividends may be subject to contributions to the defense Fund
Average salary in 2023 Information not provided Average salary data is specific and may vary greatly depending on source and sector

Please note that the rates and notes for personal income tax, social security tax, and dividend tax are generalized and may vary depending on specific circumstances and legislation updates. Data on average salaries were not provided in the sources, which indicates that it is necessary to obtain them from specialized reports of the industry or the government.

What is the size of the company’s authorized capital in Cyprus?

The size of the authorized capital of a company in Cyprus is one of the key points in its registration and further operation. Authorized capital is the sum of funds or assets that shareholders or founders contributed to the company at the time of its creation. Depending on the type of company, Cyprus legislation sets different requirements for the minimum amount of authorized capital.

Private Limited Company Limited Company

For private limited liability companies in Cyprus, the legislation does not set a specific minimum amount of authorized capital. This means that founders have the flexibility to determine the amount of authorized capital that they consider necessary to start a company. Although there are no strict requirements, it is common practice to set an authorized capital of between 1,000 and 10,000 euros, which can be deposited in the form of cash or other assets.

Public Limited Company Company

For public joint-stock companies (PLC) in Cyprus, the minimum amount of authorized capital is set at 25,629 euros. This capital must be fully subscribed by the shareholders at the time of incorporation of the company, and a minimum of 25% of the subscribed capital must be paid.

Partnership Company

In the case of general and limited partnerships in Cyprus, the legislation also does not impose minimum authorized capital requirements. The founders of the partnership have the right to independently determine the amount of capital required to start and maintain the partnership’s activities.

European Company (Societas Europaea, SE)

To register a European company in Cyprus, a minimum authorized capital of 120,000 euros is required. This requirement corresponds to the pan-European standards for this type of legal entity.

Offshore companies

Although the term “offshore company” is not officially used in Cyprus law, foreign companies registered in Cyprus and operating mainly outside the country also do not face strict requirements for the authorized capital. The size of the authorized capital is determined by the founders depending on the specifics and scale of the business.

Conclusion

The size of the authorized capital of a company in Cyprus varies depending on the type of legal entity and the specifics of its activities. The absence of strict minimum share capital requirements for private companies and partnerships provides flexibility for entrepreneurs and investors. At the same time, public joint-stock companies and European companies have specific minimum amounts that ensure a certain level of financial stability and reliability. In any case, the choice of the size of the authorized capital should correspond to the company’s business plan and its long-term goals.

 Should a company in Cyprus have a local director?

In Cyprus, there is no absolute legal requirement that each company should have a local director. However, having at least one director who is a resident of Cyprus can provide a number of tax and operational advantages. This is due to the criteria of tax residency and effective management of the company, which affect its ability to enjoy local tax benefits and double taxation agreements.

Tax residency

One of the key reasons why companies in Cyprus are encouraged to have a local director is to determine the company’s tax residency. In order for a company to be considered a Cyprus tax resident and thus benefit from the Cyprus tax system, it needs to be “managed and controlled” from Cyprus. The presence of local directors who make key management decisions and hold board meetings in Cyprus is an important factor in meeting this criterion.

Operational advantages

Appointing a local director can also provide operational benefits, such as simplifying the process of opening bank accounts and interacting with local regulators and tax authorities. A local director who is familiar with Cyprus law and business practices can effectively manage the company’s legal, tax and administrative matters.

Compliance and reputation

In an era of increased attention to corporate transparency and anti-money laundering, having a local director can increase the level of trust in the company from banks, partners and regulators. This can facilitate a smoother due diligence and verification process, as well as strengthen the company’s reputation as a reliable business partner.

Exceptions and specific requirements

It is important to note that for some activities, especially those that require special licenses (for example, financial services, gambling), the presence of a local director may be a prerequisite. In such cases, the requirements for the qualification and status of directors are set by the relevant regulatory authorities.

Conclusion

Although the presence of a local director in a company in Cyprus is not absolutely mandatory under the law, it can significantly improve the company’s management efficiency, tax efficiency and operational advantages at the local and international levels. The choice of a local director should be considered as a strategic decision, taking into account the specifics of the company’s activities, its goals and requirements for corporate governance.

 What is the amount of state fees when establishing a company in Cyprus?

When establishing a company in Cyprus, it is necessary to take into account not only legal aspects and requirements for the authorized capital, but also the amount of state fees, which are mandatory payments for registration and further business operations. Government fees and charges vary depending on the type of company and the intended activity. In this article, we will look at the main types of state fees when setting up a company in Cyprus to provide entrepreneurs with an idea of the upcoming costs.

Registration fee

One of the first payments that founders face when registering a company in Cyprus is the registration fee. This fee is paid to theDepartment of Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver. The amount of the registration fee depends on the form of the company’s legal entity and may vary. At the time of writing, the standard registration fee for a private limited liability company is approximately 105 euros. However, for more precise information, it is recommended to consult the Register of Companies, as fees may be revised.

Submission fee

In addition to the registration fee, companies are required to pay fees for submitting various documents, including the company’s articles of association and constituent documents. The amount of these fees also depends on the type of document and the amount of information provided. For example, a separate fee may be charged for submitting the charter and registration documents.

Annual fee

All companies registered in Cyprus are required to pay an annual fee to keep their registration active. The annual fee is approximately 350 euros. This fee is fixed and does not depend on the size of the company or the scope of its activities.

Additional fees

Depending on the specifics of the business and licensing requirements, companies may face the need to pay additional state fees and charges. For example, additional payments may be required to obtain specialized licenses in the financial services, gambling, or tourism industries.

Conclusion

The establishment of a company in Cyprus entails the payment of various state fees and charges, ranging from the registration fee and ending with annual fees for maintaining the status of the company. Understanding and planning these costs in advance is an important aspect of successfully starting and running a business in Cyprus. Entrepreneurs are advised to carefully study all related requirements and, if necessary, seek advice from professional legal and accounting services in Cyprus.

 What is the annual cost of servicing a company in Cyprus?

The annual cost of servicing a company in Cyprus is an important aspect of financial planning for any entrepreneur or international company that chooses this island for business. Cyprus attracts the business community with its favorable tax system, strategic location and high level of privacy. At the same time, regular payments and contributions are required to maintain the company’s operational and legal status. In this article, we will look at the main components of the annual cost of servicing a company in Cyprus.

Annual State Fee

All companies registered in Cyprus are required to pay an annual state fee of approximately 350 euros. This fee is fixed and does not depend on the size of the company or the volume of its assets.

Accounting and Auditing Services

Accounting and preparation of financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are mandatory for companies in Cyprus. The cost of accounting services depends on the volume and complexity of the company’s activities. On average, annual accounting can cost a company between 1,500 and 5,000 euros or more.

An audit of financial statements is mandatory for most companies and its cost also depends on the size of the business and the complexity of its operations. The average cost of an audit starts from 2,500 euros and can increase significantly depending on the specifics of the company’s activities.

Legal Services

Legal services are required for consulting on corporate governance, tax planning, regulatory compliance, and other matters. The cost of legal services varies and depends on the complexity of the required work. An annual subscription to legal advice can start from several thousand euros.

Registration and Licensing Fees

Depending on the company’s business, additional registration or licensing fees may be required. For example, companies operating in the financial sector, gambling, or providing investment services need to obtain appropriate licenses, which can be quite expensive.

Virtual Office and Secretarial Services

To maintain a valid legal address in Cyprus and meet corporate requirements, many companies use the services of a virtual office and a corporate secretary. The cost of these services can vary from 500 to 2,000 euros per year.

Conclusion

The annual cost of servicing a company in Cyprus depends on many factors, including the size and specifics of the company’s business, as well as the selected support services. It is important to consider all potential costs when planning the budget for the establishment and maintenance of a company in Cyprus in order to ensure its successful and efficient operation. Contacting professional consultants will help you optimize your expenses and take advantage of all the benefits of doing business in this jurisdiction.

What are the main advantages of establishing a company in Cyprus?

The establishment of a company in Cyprus offers a number of significant advantages that make this island attractive for international entrepreneurs and investors. These benefits include both tax incentives and a business-oriented environment supported by a stable economy and a high standard of living. Let’s take a closer look at the main advantages of establishing a company in Cyprus.

  1. An Attractive Tax System

Cyprus is known for having one of the lowest corporate tax rates in the European Union – just 12.5%. This makes the island particularly attractive for companies looking to optimize their tax liabilities. In addition, Cyprus offers a number of tax benefits, including:

  • Exemption from tax on dividends and interest in many cases.
  • Exemption from capital gains tax, except for gains received from real estate located in Cyprus.
  • Favorable conditions for the reorganization of companies.
  1. Double Taxation

Cyprus has signed double taxation agreements with more than 60 countries around the world. These agreements minimize the tax burden on companies and investors operating internationally and contribute to more efficient tax planning.

  1. Strategic Geographical Location

Located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa, Cyprus offers unique logistics and trade opportunities. The island’s strategic location provides easy access to major international markets, making it an ideal destination for companies focused on export and international trade.

  1. Doing Business in English

English is widely used in business communication and legal documentation in Cyprus, which greatly simplifies the process of establishing and running a business for foreign investors.

  1. Advanced Infrastructure

Cyprus offers a high-quality infrastructure, including modern telecommunications, a well-developed transport network and first-class banking services. This creates a favorable environment for business development and attracts high-tech companies.

  1. European Jurisdiction

As a member of the European Union, Cyprus provides companies with access to the EU single market, offering the legal protection and stability associated with European jurisdiction.

  1. Qualified Personnel

Cyprus has a highly qualified population with a good level of education. Many professionals speak multiple languages, which makes Cyprus an attractive place to hire talented employees.

Conclusion

The establishment of a company in Cyprus offers a number of advantages, including a low tax rate, a strategic location, ease of doing business and access to qualified personnel. These factors make Cyprus one of the most attractive destinations for international business in Europe and beyond.

 What are the ways to establish a company in Cyprus?

The establishment of a company in Cyprus is a strategic step chosen by many entrepreneurs and international corporations seeking to take advantage of the Cyprus jurisdiction. Cyprus offers an attractive tax system, a strategic geographical location and access to European Union markets. There are several ways to establish a company in Cyprus, each of which has its own characteristics and requirements. In this article, we will look at the main ways to establish a company in Cyprus and the key aspects that you should pay attention to.

  1. Registration of a new company

This is the most common way to set up a company in Cyprus. The process involves choosing a company name, preparing and submitting constituent documents, such as the company’s charter and memorandum of Association, to the Cyprus Register of Companies. To register a company, it is also necessary to appoint directors, a secretary and indicate the company’s legal address in Cyprus.

  1. Purchaseshelf of a shelf company)

Another way to establish a business in Cyprus is to buy an already registered company that was not active (the so-called “shelf” company). This option allows you to significantly reduce the time required for registration procedures and start your business as soon as possible. Buying a “shelf” company requires a thorough check of the company’s history to make sure that there are no debts and obligations.

  1. Establishment of a branch or representative office of a foreign company

Foreign companies can expand their activities in Cyprus by establishing a branch or representative office. Such entities must be registered in the Register of Companies and operate in accordance with Cyprus law, while maintaining communication with the parent company. Branches and representative offices can conduct commercial activities and are subject to taxation in Cyprus depending on their income.

  1. Partnership registration

There are two main types of partnerships in Cyprus:General PartnershipandLimited Partnership. Both types of partnerships involve bringing together two or more people to run a business for profit, but they differ in the mechanisms of responsibility sharing and management. Partnership registration also takes place through the Company Register.

  1. Register as a self-employed entrepreneur

For individual entrepreneurs in Cyprus, it is possible to register as a self-employed person. This option is suitable for freelancers, consultants, and professionals who provide professional services. Self-employed entrepreneurs must register with the tax service and make social contributions.

Key aspects of establishing a company in Cyprus

Regardless of the method of establishing a company, it is important to prepare carefully for this process, including legal review, tax planning, and the selection of qualified employees. Accounting, audit, and regulatory compliance requirements should also be taken into account.

Establishing a company in Cyprus offers significant benefits, including tax optimization, access to international markets, and a high level of business infrastructure. However, a successful start-up and business development requires a deep understanding of local laws and regulations.

 Do I need to have a registered office in Cyprus?

The need to have a legal address when establishing a company in Cyprus is a key issue for many entrepreneurs and international companies seeking to take advantage of the Cyprus jurisdiction. The legal address is not only a mandatory requirement of the Cyprus legislation for the registration and operation of the company, but also plays a significant role in the operational activities and tax planning of the business. In this article, we will look at aspects related to the need to have a legal address in Cyprus, and its importance for successful business operations.

Legal requirements

According to Cyprus corporate law, every company registered in Cyprus is required to have a registered legal address within the country. This address is used as the company’s official postal address for correspondence with government agencies, including the Register of Companies and tax authorities. The legal address must be specified in the company’s constituent documents at the time of its registration and is available to the public through the official register.

Tax considerations

The presence of a legal address in Cyprus is essential for determining a company’s tax residence. In order for a company to enjoy the benefits of the Cyprus tax system, including a low corporate tax rate and double taxation agreements, it must be recognized as a tax resident of Cyprus. One of the criteria for determining tax residency is the management and control of the company carried out from the territory of Cyprus, where the legal address plays a key role.

Professional representation Office

A registered office in Cyprus can also serve as proof of the company’s serious intentions and commitment to conduct legal business in the jurisdiction. This is especially important for establishing business relationships with banks, investors and partners who may require proof of the company’s physical presence on the island.

Options for getting a legal address

Companies can provide a legal address in Cyprus in several ways:

  • Rent an office or commercial space that will be used as a permanent legal address.
  • Virtual office services offered by many legal and consulting firms in Cyprus, which is a cost-effective solution for companies that do not require physical office space.
  • Use the address of a registered agent or legal representative of the company.

Conclusion

Having a registered office in Cyprus provides important legal and tax functions, underscoring the company’s commitment to complying with local laws and its active involvement in the Cypriot economy. Providing a registered office is a fundamental step in establishing and operating a business in Cyprus, contributing to the successful development of the company and optimizing its tax obligations.

 Can I open a branch of a foreign company in Cyprus?

Opening a branch of a foreign company in Cyprus is a popular strategy for many international businesses looking to expand their presence in the European market. Cyprus offers favorable tax conditions, a stable economy and a high level of business infrastructure, which makes it an attractive place to do business. In this article, we will discuss in detail the process of opening a branch of a foreign company in Cyprus, as well as consider the key points that need to be taken into account.

Why Cyprus?

Cyprus offers a number of advantages for foreign investors, including:

  • Low corporate tax rate: One of the lowest in Europe, which makes Cyprus attractive for international business.
  • Double taxation: Cyprus has signed agreements on the prevention of double taxation with more than 60 countries, which contributes to the efficient taxation of international income.
  • Strategic location: Located at the crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa, Cyprus is an ideal access point for various markets.
  • European integration: As a member of the European Union, Cyprus provides access to the EU market and the ability to conduct business in a stable legal system.

How to open a branch in Cyprus

The process of opening a branch in Cyprus can be divided into several key stages:

  1. Preparation of documents: To register a branch, a number of documents must be prepared and submitted, including the parent company’s founding documents and the decision to establish a branch.
  2. Registration of a branch: After preparing all the necessary documents, the branch must be registered in the Register of Companies of Cyprus. This process usually takes several weeks.
  3. Opening a bank account: The branch will need to open a bank account in Cyprus to conduct its financial activities.
  4. Tax registration: The branch must register with the Cyprus Tax Authority and obtain a tax number.
  5. Social Insurance: If the branch is planning to hire employees in Cyprus, it is necessary to register in the social insurance system.

Key points for accounting

  • Legal status: A branch of a foreign company is not a separate legal entity from the parent company, which means that the parent company is fully responsible for the activities of the branch.
  • Tax planning: It is important to carefully plan the branch’s tax strategy, taking into account local tax laws and double taxation prevention agreements.
  • Compliance with local laws: The Branch must comply with all local laws and regulations, including labor and data protection regulations.

Opening a branch of a foreign company in Cyprus can offer significant business opportunities, but requires careful planning and preparation. It is recommended to consult with local legal and tax experts to ensure compliance with all requirements and optimize business operations in Cyprus.

 Can a foreigner open companies in Cyprus?

Opening a company in Cyprus by foreigners has become a popular choice for many entrepreneurs and businessmen from all over the world. This is due to the island’s favorable tax treatment, strategic location at the crossroads of three continents, and its membership in the European Union. In this article, we will look in detail at the process of establishing a company in Cyprus by foreigners, as well as highlight the key aspects and requirements for such a process.

Advantages of opening a company in Cyprus

Before proceeding to the registration procedure, it is worth mentioning the advantages of doing business in Cyprus:

  • Low corporate tax rate: One of the lowest in the EU, at 12.5%.
  • Double taxation system: Cyprus has concluded agreements on the prevention of double taxation with more than 60 countries, which reduces the tax burden on companies.
  • Strategic location: Convenient geographical location for access to the markets of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.
  • A legal system based on English law: A transparent and understandable legal system based on the principles of English law.

How can a foreigner open a company in Cyprus

Step 1: Choose a company name

The first step is to choose a unique name for your company, which should not coincide with the names of existing companies in Cyprus. Verification can be done through the Company Registrar.

Step 2: Preparation and submission of documents

To register a company, you must prepare and submit a number of documents, including:

  • The company’s Charter (Memorandum of Association) and articles about the company’s creation (Articles of Association), which specify the goals and rules of doing business.
  • Information about the company’s directors and shareholders.
  • Confirmation of your office address in Cyprus.

Step 3: Company registration

After submitting all the necessary documents, the Registrar of Companies conducts registration. The process usually takes several weeks.

Step 4: Opening a bank account

To conduct business in Cyprus, your company will need to open a corporate bank account. Cyprus banks require a personal presence to open an account, as well as providing a set of corporate documents and information about the beneficial owners.

Step 5: Tax registration

The company must be registered with the tax service and receive a tax number. You also need to register with the VAT system if your company plans to conduct activities that are subject to VAT taxation.

Key aspects for accounting

  • Accounting and auditing: Companies in Cyprus are required to maintain records and provide annual financial statements. Auditing is required for most companies.
  • Legal and consulting support: At all stages of registering and running a business, we recommend that you seek help from qualified legal and accounting consultants.

Starting a company in Cyprus by foreigners is a relatively simple and profitable process that offers many advantages. It is important to carefully prepare for this process, follow all the requirements clearly and use the services of professionals to ensure compliance with Cyprus legislation and optimize tax obligations.

 Can I get a residence permit when setting up a company in Cyprus?

Obtaining a residence permit in Cyprus through the establishment of a company is a very relevant issue for foreign entrepreneurs and investors. Cyprus offers several programs aimed at attracting foreign capital, including through the creation and development of businesses on the island. In this article, we will look in detail at what opportunities Cyprus provides for obtaining a residence permit when establishing a company, as well as get acquainted with the main requirements and stages of this process.

Residence permit programs through business investment

There are various programs in Cyprus that allow foreign investors and entrepreneurs to obtain a residence permit, including:

  • Program for individual entrepreneurs and business owners: This program is intended for foreigners who want to establish their own company in Cyprus or invest in an existing business. To participate in the program, a number of requirements must be met, including the amount of investment and job creation for the local population.
  • Quick Track program for obtaining a residence permit: This program provides for the possibility of obtaining a residence permit under accelerated conditions for investors who invest significantly in the economy of Cyprus, including through the establishment of a company.

Requirements for investors and entrepreneurs

To successfully obtain a residence permit in Cyprus through a company’s establishment, a foreign investor must meet certain requirements:

  1. Investment threshold: The investor must invest a certain amount in the establishment of a new company in Cyprus or the purchase of shares in an existing company. The amount of investment varies depending on the chosen program.
  2. Job creation: The company must create a certain number of jobs for citizens of Cyprus or EU countries. The requirements for the number of jobs created also depend on the program.
  3. Financial Sustainability: The investor must demonstrate that they have sufficient funds to support themselves and their family, as well as to conduct business in Cyprus.
  4. Housing in Cyprus: The investor must own or rent an apartment in Cyprus that will be used as a place of permanent residence.

Stages of obtaining a residence permit

  1. Preparation of documents and establishment of a company: The first step is to register a company in Cyprus and prepare the necessary package of documents, including a business plan, proof of investment and financial statements.
  2. Applying for a residence permit: After establishing a company, an investor can apply for a residence permit by submitting all the required documents.
  3. Application review: Applications for a residence permit are usually considered within a few months. In some cases, additional verification may be required.
  4. Obtaining a residence permit: After the application is approved, the investor and his family receive a residence permit in Cyprus.

Obtaining a residence permit in Cyprus through the establishment of a company provides foreign investors and entrepreneurs with the opportunity not only to conduct business in favorable conditions, but also ensures the right to live in a country with a high standard of living. However, to successfully complete the process, it is important to carefully prepare and take into account all the requirements and nuances associated with obtaining a residence permit.

 What is written in the charter of a company registered in Cyprus?

The Charter of a company registered in Cyprus is a key document that defines the structure, rights, obligations and way of managing the company. This document, also known asthe Memorandum of AssociationandArticles of Association, contains all the main provisions concerning the company’s activities and must be submitted to the Registrar of Companies of Cyprus at the time of registration of the company. Let’s take a closer look at what is usually spelled out in the charter of a company in Cyprus.

Charter (Memorandum of Association)

The company’s Charter sets out the main parameters of the company and its goals. It includes the following sections:

  1. Company name: The full legal name of the company, which must be unique and different from those already registered in Cyprus.
  2. Company objectives: A detailed description of the activities that the company will be engaged in. This is important for determining the scope of the company’s actions and protecting the interests of shareholders.
  3. Registered office: The address of the company’s office in Cyprus, which serves as the official legal address.
  4. Authorized capital: The size of the authorized capital and details of its division into shares, including the par value of each share.
  5. Restrictions on the transfer of shares: Conditions relating to the sale or transfer of shares may be included to protect the interests of shareholders.
  6. Founders‘liability: Type of founders’ liability (limited liability, full liability, etc.).

Articles of Association

The company’s statute contains the rules of management and internal organization of the company. It may include:

  1. Governance structure: A description of the company’s governing bodies, such as the shareholders ‘ meeting and the board of Directors, and their powers.
  2. Elections and appointments: Procedures for selecting and appointing directors and their powers.
  3. Shareholders‘Meetings: Rules for holding shareholders’ meetings, including annual and extraordinary meetings.
  4. Profit sharing: Policy on dividends, including the terms and procedure for their payment.
  5. Accounting and audit: Rules for accounting and auditing.
  6. Amendment of the Charter: Procedures for making changes to the charter documents.
  7. Company liquidation: The procedure of liquidation or reorganization of a company.

Importance of statutory documents

Statutory documents play a key role in the company’s life, as they not only define the legal framework for its activities in Cyprus, but also protect the interests of shareholders, directors and creditors. They serve as the basis for resolving any disputes and disagreements within the company.

In order to ensure that the statutory documents are effective and comply with both the Cyprus legislation and the specifics of the company’s activities, it is recommended to seek professional legal assistance in their preparation. This will help ensure that all important aspects are properly addressed and protected.

 How long does it take to establish a company in Cyprus?

The establishment of a company in Cyprus is an attractive step for many international entrepreneurs due to its favorable tax treatment, strategic location and ease of doing business. However, the company registration process can vary in time depending on various factors, including the type of company, the accuracy and completeness of the documents provided, and the current workload of the registration authorities. In this article, we will look at the stages of establishing a company in Cyprus and estimate how long each of them can take.

Stages of establishing a company in Cyprus

  1. Preparation and submission of documentation

The first step is to prepare the necessary documents, including the company’s charter (Memorandum of Association) andArticles of Association, as well as the decision to appoint directors and a secretary. Foreign investors may need to translate these documents into English or Greek, which may add additional time to the overall process.

Time: From a few days to several weeks, depending on the complexity of the company’s structure and the time required to collect and prepare all the documents.

  1. Registration of the company name

Selecting a unique company name and registering it with the Registrar of Companies is the next step. This process may take several days, provided that the chosen name is not used by another company and meets all the requirements of the Cyprus legislation.

Time: Usually 1 to 5 business days.

  1. Company registration

After the company name is approved, you must submit all the prepared documents to the Registrar of Companies for official registration of the company. At this time, you should also apply for a tax number and social security registration if the company plans to hire employees.

Time: The process usually takes from 5 to 10 business days, but it may increase during busy periods.

  1. Opening a bank account

After registering a company, the next step is to open a corporate bank account. This process can take from several days to several weeks, depending on the bank and the need to provide additional documentation or information.

Time: From 1 to 4 weeks.

Total time to set up a company

Based on the steps described above, the total time required to establish a company in Cyprus can vary from a few weeks to two months. It is important to note that this assessment may vary depending on specific circumstances, such as the complexity of the company’s legal structure, the effectiveness of interaction with registration and banking institutions, and the accuracy and completeness of the documentation provided.

Recommendations for speeding up the process

  • Prepare all documents in advance: Make sure that all necessary documents are complete and accurate before starting the registration process.
  • Use the services of professionals: Legal and accounting consultants specializing in the registration of companies in Cyprus can help speed up the process and minimize the risks of delays.
  • Choose a company name with a lot of options: To speed up the process, prepare several options for company names in case the initial selection is not available.

Establishing a company in Cyprus is a relatively simple and fast process compared to many other jurisdictions, making the island an attractive destination for international business.

 What activities can companies do in Cyprus?

Cyprus, thanks to its favorable tax treatment, strategic location at the crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa, and membership in the European Union, attracts many international companies looking to expand their operations. The peculiarities of the legal system of Cyprus and its economic policy create favorable conditions for a wide range of business activities. In this article, we will look at what types of activities can be carried out by companies registered in Cyprus.

  1. Financial services

Cyprus is known as an international financial center, attracting companies that specialize in providing various financial services, including banking, insurance, asset management and forex. Thanks to the favorable tax system and the availability of qualified specialists, Cyprus provides an ideal platform for developing a financial business.

  1. Shipping and marine services

Cyprus has one of the world’s largest shipping registries and offers attractive conditions for companies involved in maritime transport, ship management and related services. The Government provides a number of tax incentives for shipping companies, making Cyprus an attractive jurisdiction for international shipping.

  1. Information technology and software

The information technology sector in Cyprus is growing rapidly, attracting startups and established ITcompanies engaged in software development, mobile applications, games, as well as providing services in the field of Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain and artificial intelligence. The Government of Cyprus actively supports innovative projects and venture financing.

  1. Trade and Distribution

Cyprus serves as an important logistics and distribution hub connecting Europe with the Middle East and Asia. Many companies choose Cyprus for creating trading platforms, distribution centers and re-export operations due to favorable tax conditions and developed infrastructure.

  1. Tourism and hospitality

Tourism is one of the key sectors of the Cyprus economy, attracting investors in the hotel, restaurant, sightseeing and entertainment sectors. The island is famous for its beaches, cultural heritage and mild climate, making it a popular holiday destination.

  1. Real estate and construction

The real estate market in Cyprus offers a wide range of opportunities for investors and developers. Stable demand for housing, commercial and tourist real estate provides a high potential for investment in construction and infrastructure development.

  1. Energy sector

The renewable energy industry in Cyprus is growing rapidly, attracting investment in solar and wind energy. In addition, the discovery of natural gas deposits in the Cyprus economic zone opens up new prospects for investors in the energy sector.

Conclusion

Cyprus offers favorable conditions for a wide range of business activities, supported by a favorable tax regime, developed infrastructure and a strategic location. Depending on the sector of activity, companies can benefit from various government support programs and tax incentives, which makes Cyprus an attractive jurisdiction for international business.

 Should a company in Cyprus have employees?

In Cyprus, there is no requirement for all companies to have employees. Many small businesses, sole proprietors, or companies engaged in specific activities that do not require permanent staff (for example, holding or investment companies) can operate without hiring employees. However, if the company’s activities involve performing certain tasks that require regular participation and management, it may be necessary to hire employees.

Tax and legal aspects

Companies registered in Cyprus must comply with local tax and legal regulations, which may include meeting certain conditions related to employment. For example, in order to receive certain tax benefits or to confirm the company’s status as a Cyprus tax resident, it may be necessary to have employees and actually conduct business in Cyprus.

Labor legislation

Cyprus labour law sets out the rights and obligations of both employers and employees. This includes rules on pay, working hours, vacations, working conditions, and workplace safety and health measures. Companies that employ employees must comply with these rules and ensure that their working conditions comply with Cyprus law.

Registration and contributions

Companies that employ employees in Cyprus must register with the relevant State authorities, including the tax service and the social Insurance fund. Employers are required to pay social security contributions for their employees, which includes contributions to pensions, health insurance, and other types of social security.

Exceptions and special conditions

There may be special conditions or exceptions for certain types of companies or activities. For example, companies that are exclusively engaged in managing their own assets or investing may not require full-time employees. It is important to consult with legal professionals to accurately understand the requirements that apply to your specific situation.

Conclusion

Although Cyprus does not have a universal requirement to have employees for all companies, it is important to understand the obligations and legal requirements associated with employment. Companies that choose to hire employees must strictly comply with Cyprus labor laws, including registering with the relevant government agencies and paying all relevant fees and taxes.

 How do I choose a company name in Cyprus?

Choosing a name for a company in Cyprus is an important step in the process of establishing it and requires careful approach and planning. The name should not only reflect the essence of the company’s business, but also meet legal requirements and be acceptable to the Cyprus Registrar of Companies. In this article, we will look at the key aspects and tips for choosing a name for your company in Cyprus.

  1. Legal requirements and restrictions

The first step when choosing a company name should be checking for compliance with Cyprus law. Some key requirements include:

  • Uniqueness: The name must be unique and not match the names already registered in Cyprus.
  • No misleading elements: You can’t use names that might be misleading about the scope of the company’s activities, goals, or status.
  • Restrictions on the use of certain words: Words that indicate national affiliation or international activity (for example, “National” or “European”) may require special permission.
  1. Compliance with the scope of activity

It is desirable that the name reflects the company’s field of activity, its key products or services. This will help potential customers and partners understand what your company is doing faster.

  1. Easy to remember and pronounce

Choose a name that is easy to remember and pronounce. This is especially important for international businesses, as your name will be used by people from different countries.

  1. Checking domain name availability

In today’s business landscape, having a website is extremely important. Before making a final name selection, check the availability of the corresponding domain name on the Internet so that your website can easily be associated with the company name.

  1. International eligibility

If you plan to do business internationally, make sure that the name does not have negative connotations or is not unacceptable in other cultures and languages.

  1. Application process

After selecting a name, submit a request for its verification and registration with the Cyprus Registrar of Companies. We recommend that you prepare several variants of the name in case the initial selection is not available.

  1. Getting professional advice

Consider contacting legal consultants or company registration specialists in Cyprus, who will help you not only with the choice of a name, but also with its successful registration, taking into account all legal aspects and requirements.

Choosing a name for your company in Cyprus is not just a formality, but a significant element of your branding and marketing strategy, which can play a key role in the success of your business. By paying due attention to this process and following the above recommendations, you will be able to choose a name that will contribute to the growth and development of your company.

 Business Register in Cyprus

The business Register in Cyprus is a key element of the country’s business infrastructure, ensuring transparency and regulation of companies ‘ activities. It is an official list of all corporate entities registered on the island, including private companies, public companies, partnerships and other legal entities. In this article, we will take a detailed look at what a business register in Cyprus is, its functions and significance for the business community.

What is a business register in Cyprus?

The Cyprus Business Register, also known as the Company Register, is managedby the Department of Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver. This register contains all official information about companies registered in Cyprus, including their name, registered office, information about directors and shareholders, as well as submitted annual reports and financial statements.

Main functions of the business register

  1. Company Registration: The Business Register registers new companies and provides them with a unique registration number.
  2. Record keeping: The Register stores all critical information about companies, including changes in statutory documents, information about the appointment and dismissal of directors, and information about the liquidation or reorganization of companies.
  3. Providing information: The Business Register serves as an important source of information for investors, lenders, partners, and government agencies, enabling them to verify the legal status and financial reliability of companies.

Business Register value for the business community

The Business Register plays a critical role in maintaining transparency and trust in the Cyprus business environment. It not only facilitates the registration and management of companies, but also contributes to the fight against fraud and corruption, providing access to reliable and up-to-date information about business entities.

How to use the business register in Cyprus?

Access to information in the business register can be obtained through the official website of the Registrar of Companies Department. Users can search by company name, registration number, or director to access information about companies. There may be a fee for accessing certain information.

Conclusion

The Business Register in Cyprus is an integral part of the country’s business environment, providing support and transparency for all market participants. It contributes to the creation of an enabling business environment, strengthening Cyprus ‘ reputation as a reliable and attractive investment destination. With easy access to up-to-date and reliable information,the Cyprus Business Register plays a key role in providing confidence and trust between companies, their partners and customers internationally.

RUE can help with the preparation of the full package of documentation required to obtain a financial license in Cyprus – company formation, preparation of a business plan for your project, ensuring accounting requirements, selection of local employees for key positions, as well as comply with the requirements of the regulator, which should be taken into account when enforcing anti-money laundering (KYC/AML) requirements. These recommendations will significantly reduce the time for obtaining a financial license in Cyprus and will help companies interested in obtaining an EMI, payment institution, Forex, investment fund license to implement their project in Cyprus in the shortest possible time.

Sheyla

“Are you contemplating the initiation of your business in Cyprus? This might be an ideal opportunity for you. Contact me today, and let’s engage in a thorough conversation regarding your project.”

Sheyla Shamilli

LICENSING SERVICES MANAGER

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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

The time it takes to open a company in Cyprus can vary based on several factors, including the type of company, the completeness of documentation, and the efficiency of the registration process. On average, it may take a few weeks to a couple of months to complete the entire company formation process in Cyprus. Working with experienced professionals and ensuring all required documents are in order can help expedite the process.

  • The data about the director of the company in Cyprus are freely available, while the name of the owner is not subject to disclosure.
  • Reports on the company’s activities must be submitted in two languages – English and Greek. The reports include an annual financial report and a tax return.
  • Cyprus has a favorable regime for the taxation of intellectual property income – the company’s profit tax rate can be reduced to 2.5%.
  • It is recommended that at least one of the company’s directors have a registration in Cyprus, as this will allow you to take advantage of the great advantages of the jurisdiction

Prior to the registration of a company in Cyprus should be aware of the existing organizational and legal forms of business. The most popular form of business activity is Private company limited by shares – a company with limited liability.

  • Public company limited by shares – limited liability company
  • Exempt private company – a company of the closed type, exempted from taxation
  • Company limited by guarantee – a company with the responsibility of participants within the guaranteed amount
  • Partnership – Partnership
  • Trust – Trust

It is possible to hold accounts in Cyprus as a resident of the country and a foreign citizen.

To open an account with the Cyprus Bank, you will need to file a package of documents, including:

  • a notarized copy of the passport
  • proof of address of actual residence (for example, utility bills)
  • confirmation of the legality of income (tax declaration)
  • recommendations from other companies, and banks in Europe, with which the applicant previously cooperated

Some banks ask for other documents – the list needs to be specified in a particular financial institution. The time and cost of opening an account depends on the selected service package and the bank’s policy.

To form a company in Cyprus:

  1. Choose a unique name and get it approved.
  2. Draft the Memorandum and Articles of Association.
  3. Determine share capital, appoint directors, and have a registered office.
  4. Submit documents to the Registrar of Companies with applicable fees.
  5. Upon approval, receive the Certificate of Incorporation.
  6. Register for taxation, open a bank account, and, if necessary, register for VAT.

Professional assistance can streamline the process, ensuring compliance with regulations.

Yes, non-residents can register a company in Cyprus. The country encourages foreign investment, and individuals or entities from any part of the world can establish and own companies in Cyprus. The process is designed to be accessible to both residents and non-residents, fostering a business-friendly environment.

Limited liability companies in Cyprus (Ltd) have such officers as director, secretary, shareholders, beneficiaries.

1. Headmistress

Directors appoint shareholders and, if necessary, decide on their replacement. The Director may be a resident or non-resident, a natural or legal person, and has the authority to sign the company and to manage the company’s bank accounts. Once a company is established in Cyprus, the information about its director is placed in the Register of Companies and becomes publicly available.

2. Secretary

The presence of a secretary is a must for all Cypriot companies. Among his duties – filing documents in the Register, storage of documents, corporate correspondence and other. The right of signature does not have the secretary. Mainly secretarial functions entrust legal companies that provide a full range of corporate services to international non-resident entrepreneurs of Cyprus.

3. Shareholders

The shareholders of the Cyprus Company may be natural or legal persons, including non-residents of the country. Information about shareholders and their shares shall be recorded in the Register and become available to third parties only upon special request.

4. Beneficiary

The beneficiary of the Cyprus company is the person who manages the company. The information about the beneficiary of the Cyprus company is confidential and not is registered in the Register of Companies, and also not subject to disclosure to third parties – banking, auditing and other organizations.

In Cyprus, a private company (Ltd) must have at least one shareholder, and the maximum allowed is fifty. As for the board of directors, a minimum of one director is required, and there is no maximum limit specified by law. Therefore, a Cypriot company can have one or more directors. It's important to note that the roles of shareholder and director can be held by the same or different individuals or legal entities.

Cyprus is an excellent jurisdiction to optimize the taxation of your business.  The taxation of companies in Cyprus includes:

  • An annual fee of €350, which must be paid by the end of June of each year, whether or not there is some business activity;
  • Capital gains tax after the sale of real estate or shares in the country – 20%;
  • VAT (usually 19%). For some activities the rate is lower: 9% – transportation of passengers and luggage, catering, nursing care, renting of real estate to tourists, 5% – food industry, repair of housing, sale of tickets for excursions, etc., 0% – banking, insurance, finance, and some others.
  • Income tax of 12.5% regardless of the source (from abroad or within Cyprus);

Tax exemptions are provided for companies with activities related to education, intellectual property, rental housing, insurance and some other areas.

You will not have to pay taxes when re-registering real estate, as well as when receiving payments from subsidiaries and subsidiaries abroad.

Depending on the direction of business, the authorized body must issue a license, to confirm the right of the company to conduct its business.

It’ll take about a week to get a permit. However, if the company is engaged in insurance or banking activities, the licensing process may take several months.

It is possible to hold accounts in Cyprus as a resident of the country and a foreign citizen.

To open an account with the Cyprus Bank, you will need to file a package of documents, including:

  • a notarized copy of the passport
  • proof of address of actual residence (for example, utility bills)
  • confirmation of the legality of income (tax declaration)
  • recommendations from other companies, banks in Europe, with which the applicant previously cooperated

Some banks ask for other documents – the list needs to be specified in a particular financial institution. The time and cost of opening an account depends on the selected service package and the bank’s policy.

Limited liability companies in Cyprus (Ltd) have such officers as director, secretary, shareholders, beneficiaries.

1. Headmistress

Directors appoint shareholders and, if necessary, decide on their replacement. The Director may be a resident or non-resident, a natural or legal person, and has the authority to sign the company and to manage the company’s bank accounts. Once a company is established in Cyprus, the information about its director is placed in the Register of Companies and becomes publicly available.

2. Secretary

The presence of a secretary is a must for all Cypriot companies. Among his duties – filing documents in the Register, storage of documents, corporate correspondence and other. The right of signature does not have the secretary. Mainly secretarial functions entrust legal companies that provide a full range of corporate services to international non-resident entrepreneurs of Cyprus.

3. Shareholders

The shareholders of the Cyprus Company may be natural or legal persons, including non-residents of the country. Information about shareholders and their shares shall be recorded in the Register and become available to third parties only upon special request.

4. Beneficiary

The beneficiary of the Cyprus company is the person who manages the company.  The information about the beneficiary of the Cyprus company is confidential and not is registered in the Register of Companies, and also not subject to disclosure to third parties – banking, auditing and other organizations.

Features of taxation and reporting

The Cyprus company undertakes to pay tax. The profit tax is 12.5%, for domestic transactions is provided VAT of 19%. Among the undeniable advantages, I would like to highlight the absence of taxes in key areas – acquisition of real estate, inheritance, receipt of assets, payment for municipal services. In addition, income from securities transactions and dividends are not subject to taxation.

Required annual reporting for Cyprus Company:

  • financial statements with the opinion of an external auditor;
  • the tax return for the reporting period;
  • financial statement in Greek;
  • annual report with information about the secretary, directors and shareholders.

The first three years of the company’s operations are reported to the Tax Department. In addition, a document in Greek is submitted to the Registration Chamber of Cyprus.

Profit Tax
0-12.5% The need for an annual report check
VAT
0-19% Need for an audit opinion check
Need for accounting check Physical office
No

  • The data about the director of the company in Cyprus are freely available, while the name of the owner is not subject to disclosure.
  • Reports on the company’s activities must be submitted in two languages – English and Greek. The reports include an annual financial report and a tax return.
  • Cyprus has a favourable regime for the taxation of intellectual property income – the company’s profit tax rate can be reduced to 2.5%.
  • It is recommended that at least one of the company’s directors have a registration in Cyprus, as this will allow you to take advantage of the great advantages of the jurisdiction.

Prior to the registration of a company in Cyprus should be aware of the existing organizational and legal forms of business. The most popular form of business activity is Private company limited by shares – a company with limited liability.

  • Public company limited by shares – limited liability company
  • Exempt private company – a company of the closed type, exempted from taxation
  • Company limited by guarantee – a company with the responsibility of participants within the guaranteed amount
  • Partnership – partnership
  • Trust – Trust

You can register a company in Cyprus on a personal visit to the island or remotely. You need to choose a company form, prepare documents and apply to the register. Basic documents: copy of passport and confirmation of residence. The new company opens in 5-7 working days.

Yes, Cyprus allows you to open companies for a variety of activities: Trade, IT business, Intellectual Rights Management (IP), Holding.

Registration of the company in Cyprus takes 5-7 working days, subject to the correct submission of documents. The registration period of the company is extended if you need to obtain a license to operate.

Personal presence to register a company in Cyprus is not necessary, all necessary legal procedures can be carried out remotely.

Among the obvious advantages of the company’s registration in Cyprus can be mentioned financial stability of the country, its membership in the European Union, low taxes (VAT 19%, corporate tax 12.5%) and the ability to conduct international business (no double taxation with more than 60 countries).

A Cyprus company may have one or more shareholders, who may be natural and legal persons, including non-residents of Cyprus.

Initially, it is necessary to choose the name of your enterprise, which is checked for the absence of analogues in the register of companies. In the name must be the end of Limited, it is not allowed to use words and expressions, hinting or directly indicating illegal activities. The next step is the legalization of the company’s documents with the subsequent submission of documents to the register. The documents must include the address of the office to confirm the legal address of the company and proof of the economic presence of your business in Cyprus.

The standard cost of registration offshore in Cyprus – from 1, 750 EUR. This amount includes the first year of service of the company (legal address). In addition, it is necessary to pay a mandatory state fee of 350 EUR.

Yes, this is a mandatory measure if you are interested in the company being a tax resident of Cyprus. Such evidence would include the filing of annual financial statements, the address of the company’s office in Cyprus, which holds all the company’s accounting records, the contracts concluded, the auditors’ report and other documents of the company, as well as the presence of a secretary with the Cyprus residence. All decisions and management of the company should be carried out in Cyprus.

Yes. After your company is registered, you can get detailed guidance on further work with the company (filing of reports, payment of fees, etc.), as well as consultation with our lawyer and accountant. If necessary, you can always contact our company on any legal or accounting issues.

The new company should have a unique name that reflects its activities. In Cyprus, it is possible to form a company name in any language, it is only necessary to take into account that you will have to use the Greek or Latin alphabet with a mandatory translation. It is not allowed to register names that repeat or resemble existing names. It is also forbidden to use the name if the firm being established contains a hint of a connection with patronage of royal families or illegal activities. Some words in the name of the Cyprus company imply compulsory licensing. This includes the names – «bank», «insurance», «trust», therefore the name of the company should accurately reflect its future sphere of activity. At the end of the name requires an end Limited. The abbreviation Ltd is allowed.

After submitting an application for registration of a company in Cyprus, the registrar checks the uniqueness of the name, whether there is no similarity in writing and sound with other Cypriot enterprises. In order to get approval more likely and in the shortest possible time, it is better to provide several variants of the company name for consideration. After checking the name of the company to be established, a reservation is made in the Register of Companies, after which an official reply is received on the possibility of its use.

The management of the Cyprus company is carried out by documented voting of the shareholders’ meeting, while the board of directors does not lose control over the company’s title documents. To protect against illegal and unauthorized actions, shareholders of the company can deposit Restrictions on the powers of the director. Shareholders’ meetings held abroad become an additional requirement. If the company is registered as a resident of Cyprus, assemblies are mandatory in the territory of Cyprus.

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CONTACT US

At the moment, the main services of our company are legal and compliance solutions for FinTech projects. Our offices are located in Vilnius, Prague, and Warsaw. The legal team can assist with legal analysis, project structuring, and legal regulation.

Company in Lithuania UAB

Registration number: 304377400
Anno: 30.08.2016
Phone: +370 661 75988
Email: [email protected]
Address: Lvovo g. 25 – 702, 7th floor, Vilnius,
09320, Lithuania

Company in Poland Sp. z o.o

Registration number: 38421992700000
Anno: 28.08.2019
Phone: +48 50 633 5087
Email: [email protected]
Address: Twarda 18, 15th floor, Warsaw, 00-824, Poland

Regulated United Europe OÜ

Registration number: 14153440–
Anno: 16.11.2016
Phone: +372 56 966 260
Email:  [email protected]
Address: Laeva 2, Tallinn, 10111, Estonia

Company in Czech Republic s.r.o.

Registration number: 08620563
Anno: 21.10.2019
Phone: +420 775 524 175
Email:  [email protected]
Address: Na Perštýně 342/1, Staré Město, 110 00 Prague

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