Company formation in the United Kingdom

UKThe most common business type in the United Kingdom is the private limited company, often denoted by the abbreviation “Ltd” (Limited). This business structure provides limited liability to its owners (shareholders) and is a popular choice for small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as well as larger businesses. The limited liability feature means that the personal assets of the shareholders are generally protected in case of business debts or liabilities, and they are only liable for the amount they have invested in the company.
The private limited company structure offers a flexible and straightforward way to operate a business, making it one of the preferred choices for entrepreneurs in the UK. Moreover, British businesses have access to financing, the option to establish dormant companies, and various other opportunities. The UK market is flourishing, particularly in the
fields of construction, financial services, and banking, serving as a potential reservoir for acquiring new clients, partners, and suppliers.

Company Formation in the UK


Opening a company in the United Kingdom can offer several advantages, including:

  • A simple process which is straightforward, can be done online and does not require a lot of time.
  • The UK has a well-developed legal and regulatory framework that ensures business transparency and protection of investors. The rule of law is strong, providing a stable
    environment for business operations.
  • London is a major global financial center, providing access to a wide range of financial services, including banking, investment, and insurance.
  • One of the lowest corporation tax rates in Europe. On top of that, there are numerous tax benefits and incentives.
  • Minimum government interference and ease of doing business. You may also be eligible for government support.
  • The UK has a highly skilled and educated workforce, which can be beneficial for businesses requiring specialized skills. There are also various visa programs for
    bringing in skilled workers from abroad.
  • The UK is culturally diverse, providing businesses with the opportunity to engage with a broad range of consumers and tap into diverse talent pools.
  • The UK is known for its innovation and research capabilities. Businesses can benefit from proximity to leading universities, research institutions, and a culture that
    encourages innovation.
  • The UK has well-developed infrastructure, including transportation, communication, and technology, which supports efficient business operations.

It’s important to note that the advantages can vary depending on the nature of the business, industry, and specific circumstances. Additionally, staying informed about any changes in regulations or economic conditions is crucial for businesses operating in the UK. Contact the Regulated United Europe to obtain detailed information on the essential procedures for setting up a company in the UK.

Company formation in the United Kingdom
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What types of companies exist in the UK?

There are several main types of companies in the UK, each with its own unique characteristics, legal requirements and tax implications. These different forms of legal entities allow entrepreneurs to choose the structure that best suits their business goals, size of operations, and growth strategy. Below is an overview of the main types of companies in the UK.

1. Private Limited Liability Company (Ltd)

A private limited liability company is the most common type of business in the UK. The liability of shareholders is limited to their contribution to the company’s capital. This type of company may have one or more directors and is not required to publicly disclose its financial statements, unlike public companies. They can also not be traded on the open stock market.

2. Public Joint Stock Company (PLC)

Public joint stock companies can offer their shares for sale to the general public and be traded on the stock exchange. PLCs are subject to stricter rules and requirements than private companies, including the need to have a minimum share capital and publish their financial statements. This type of company is preferred by large businesses seeking to attract investment through the stock market.

3. Guarantee type company without authorized capital

This type of company is most often used by non-profit organizations, such as charities, clubs, or associations. Instead of the share capital, the members of such a company give guarantees for a certain amount in the event of its liquidation. Guarantee-type companies do not distribute their profits among their members, but use them to achieve their statutory goals.

4. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

A limited liability partnership combines the features of a partnership and a limited liability company. In an LLP, partners have limited liability, which means that their personal assets are protected from the partnership’s debts. This type of structure is popular among professional service providers such as law firms and accounting companies.

5. Sole TraderSole Trader)

This is the easiest and least regulated way to do business, where the owner and the business are legally the same person. Individual entrepreneurs have full control over their business and receive all profits, but they also bear unlimited liability for its debts and obligations.

6. Traditional partnership

In a traditional partnership, two or more partners conduct business together for profit. Partners are jointly liable for the partnership’s debts and obligations, including debts incurred by other partners. This type of business is often found in professional practices such as doctors, lawyers, and accountants.

Choosing the right type of company in the UK depends on a variety of factors, including the size of the business, management structure, financial and tax considerations, and the level of responsibility desired. It is important to carefully consider all available options and, if necessary, consult with a professional to choose the most appropriate form for your business.

 What is the size of the company’s authorized capital in the UK?

The size of a company’s share capital in the UK varies depending on the type of company and its business model. Share capital is the amount that shareholders commit to subscribe to when registering a company, and it represents the total par value of the shares that the company has the right to issue. It is important to understand that these requirements are subject to change, and for the most up-to-date information, please contact the regulations or consultants. Below is an overview of the share capital for different types of companies in the UK.

Private Limited Liability Company (Ltd)

For private limited liability companies in the UK, the minimum authorized capital is not set. This means that a company can be registered with a very small share capital, even with a single share with a nominal value of 1 pence. The size of the authorized capital should reflect the needs of the business and future plans to attract investment.

Public Joint Stock Company (PLC)

For public joint-stock companies, the minimum size of the authorized capital is set, which must be at least 50,000 pounds sterling. At the same time, at least 25% of the par value of each share, including the premium (if any), must be paid before or at the time of the issue of shares.

Guarantee type company without authorized capital

Guarantee-type companies do not have an authorized capital, as they do not issue shares. Instead, their members give written guarantees to pay a certain amount (often symbolic) in the event of liquidation of the company.

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

In the case of limited liability partnerships, the concept of share capital is applied differently. LLPs do not have shares, and the participation of partners is determined by contributions, which can be either in cash or in kind. The minimum size of these deposits is not regulated.

Individual entrepreneur and traditional partnership

For individual entrepreneurs and traditional partnerships, the concept of authorized capital does not apply, since these forms of business do not involve the issue of shares. Business financing is provided through the owner’s personal funds or partner deposits.

The importance of choosing the size of the authorized capital

When choosing the size of the authorized capital, it is important to take into account not only legal requirements, but also business needs, plans for its development and investment attraction strategies. A larger share capital may signal that the company is serious about its intentions and increase its attractiveness to investors, but it also means that it needs to provide an appropriate level of funding.

Choosing the appropriate size of the share capital is an important decision that should be made taking into account the company’s long-term strategy and possible tax consequences. It is recommended that you consult a professional, such as a lawyer or accountant, for individualized advice.

  Should a company in the UK have a local director?

According to UK law, any company must have at least one director who is an individual. Although the law does not require this director to be a resident of the UK, having a local director can have a number of practical advantages, especially in the context of taxation and administrative matters.

Practical benefits of having a local director

  1. Simplify banking procedures: Having a local director can make the process of opening a bank account easier for a company, as many banks prefer to deal with companies that have local management.
  2. Tax planning: Having a resident director can affect a company’s tax status, especially with respect to its place of tax residence. This can be an important aspect when planning tax liabilities.
  3. Company perception: Companies with local governance may be perceived as more reliable or attractive to local customers, suppliers, and partners.

Legal aspects

While having a resident director is not a legal requirement, the company must meet certain regulatory requirements, including filing annual reports and complying with UK tax laws. Directors are responsible for meeting these and other requirements, regardless of their place of residence.

Registration of tax residency

The director’s choice of residence may affect the company’s tax residency, which in turn determines how much of the company’s income will be subject to UK tax liability. Companies operated from the UK are generally considered tax residents of the country and are required to pay taxes on global income.


While having a local director in a UK-registered company is not legally required, it can offer a number of operational and strategic benefits. When deciding on the board of directors, it is important to consider both the legal aspects and the potential impact on taxation, banking operations, and the overall perception of the company. In some cases, it may be appropriate to involve a local director to meet specific business objectives or to simplify the implementation of administrative requirements.

 What are the government fees for setting up a company in the UK?

The amount of government fees for setting up a company in the UK depends on several factors, including the type of company and how you apply. The UK offers several convenient ways to register a company, each of which has its own cost. These methods include online registration and registration through paper forms, as well as the possibility of using the services of company registration agents. Below is an overview of the standard government fees that are current at the time of writing this article. It is important to note that rates may change, so it is recommended to check the latest information on the official website of the Registration Company (Companies House).

Online registration

Online company registration is the most popular and cost-effective option. The standard government fee for online registration of a private limited liability company (Ltd) is 12 pounds sterling. The process usually takes between 24 and 48 hours. This method involves using standard forms of statutory documents and submitting an application through the Companies House website.

Registration via paper forms

If you choose to register a company by submitting paper documents by mail, the registration fee will be 40 pounds sterling. This process can take up to 8-10 business days. For expedited registration, which is processed within one business day, the fee is 100 pounds sterling. To use fast-track registration, documents must be submitted in person at the Companies House office in London or Edinburgh.

Use of registration agents’ services

Many entrepreneurs prefer to use the services of company registration agents to simplify the process and ensure compliance with all requirements. Agents may charge additional fees for their services, in addition to the standard government fee. The cost of these services varies depending on the agent and the package of services provided.

Other types of companies

Government fees may vary for public joint-stock companies (PLCs), guarantee-type companies, and limited liability partnerships (LLPs). It is recommended to check the current rates directly on the Companies House website or check with company registration agents.


The amount of government fees for setting up a company in the UK is relatively low, especially for online registration, which makes the process accessible to most entrepreneurs. It is important to choose the right registration method and take into account all potential additional costs associated with the use of agents ‘ services or the need for accelerated document processing.

 What is the annual cost of servicing a company in the UK?

The first step to starting a business in the UK is to register a company. The cost of registering through Companies House is £ 12 online and £ 40 for paper registration. This is a one-time payment.

Annual fee

Companies are required to submit an annual report (Confirmation Statement) to Companies House, which costs £ 13 when submitted online and £ 40 for the paper version.

Accounting and auditing

The cost of accounting services depends on the size and complexity of your business. For small businesses, annual expenses can range from £ 1,000 to £ 5,000. Larger companies can expect higher costs, especially if an audit is required.


Corporate tax in the UK is 19% of the company’s profits. In addition, it is important to take into account VAT, the rate of which is usually 20% if your annual turnover exceeds 85,000 pounds.

Office expenses

The cost of renting office space varies greatly depending on the location. In London, prices can be significantly higher than in other parts of the country. The average cost of renting a small office can start from £ 5,000 per year in less expensive areas and go up to £ 30,000 per year in London.


Compulsory workplace accident insurance for any business in the UK costs an average of between £ 500 and £ 2,000 per year, depending on the number of employees and type of activity.

Other expenses

Don’t forget about monthly expenses such as utilities, internet and telephony, which can range from several hundred to several thousand pounds a year, depending on the size of your office and your needs.


The annual cost of servicing a company in the UK is highly dependent on a variety of factors, including the size and type of business, location, and how well you manage expenses. It is important to plan your budget carefully, taking into account all possible expenses, to ensure the sustainability and growth of your business in the UK.

 What are the main advantages of establishing a company in the UK?

The UK has long been considered one of the world’s leading financial centers and an attractive place to set up companies. This is due to a number of unique advantages that the country offers to entrepreneurs and businesses in general. Here are some of the main advantages of setting up a company in the UK:

1. Prestige and international recognition

The UK has a strong international reputation in the business world. Registering a company here can significantly increase your prestige among clients, partners and investors around the world.

2. Easy registration and management of the company

The process of registering a company in the UK is relatively simple and can take only a few hours when registering online through Companies House. In addition, the country offers relatively light requirements for running and managing a business, which reduces the administrative burden.

3. Tax incentives

The UK offers competitive business tax rates, including one of the lowest corporate tax rates among Gthe G20 countries. There are also various tax breaks for research and development, as well as for small businesses.

4. Legal system

The British legal system is well known for its predictability, stability and fairness, which makes it one of the most reliable in the world for doing business. This provides confidence in the legal protection of property rights and investments.

5. Market access

The establishment of a company in the UK opens up access to the markets not only of the UK itself, but also of many other countries through a network of trade agreements. This can be particularly beneficial for companies looking to expand their presence in Europe and beyond.

6. A talented workforce

The UK is famous for its highly skilled workforce, including in areas such as finance, technology, engineering and science. Access to talented professionals can be crucial to the success of a business.

7. Innovation ecosystem

The country has one of the most developed and innovative ecosystems in the world, supporting startups and the development of new technologies through grants, investments and tax incentives.


Establishing a company in the UK can offer many benefits, including international prestige, ease of management, and tax incentives. Access to a talented workforce, a stable legal system, and global markets are also important. These factors make the UK one of the most attractive places for business in the world.

 What are some ways to establish a company in the UK?

The UK has long been considered one of the most attractive places to do business, thanks to its stable economic and political climate, as well as favorable tax legislation. The establishment of a company in the UK can open the doors to European and global markets for entrepreneurs. In this article, we will look at the main ways to establish a company in the UK, their features and advantages.

  1. Private Limited Liability Company (Limited Liability Company, Ltd)

This is the most popular option among entrepreneurs. Such a company has a legal status separate from its owners (shareholders), which limits their financial liability to the amount of capital invested. Ltd registration is possible even with one director and one shareholder, who may be the same person.

  1. Public Limited Company (PLC)

A PLC is suitable for larger businesses planning to raise capital through a public offering. Such companies can be traded on the stock exchange. The establishment of a PLC requires a minimum of two directors and an initial capital of at least £ 50,000, of which 25% must be paid before incorporation.

  1. Company Limited by Guarantee

This type of company is often used by non-profit organizations, clubs, or associations where the founders do not seek to make a profit. Instead of shareholders, there are guarantors who agree to pay a certain amount in the event of liquidation of the company.

  1. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

An LLP is a hybrid of a traditional partnership and a limited liability company. It provides its founders (partners) with protection from personal financial liability, similar to the protection of Ltd shareholders, but with greater flexibility in managing the business.

Registration process

Registering a company in the UK involves several steps:

  • Select a unique company name.
  • Preparation and submission of relevant documents, including the company’s charter (Memorandum of Association) and Articles of Association.
  • Registration with Companies House – the state body responsible for registering companies.
  • Get the company’s tax number and, if necessary, register for VAT payment.

Tax system

The UK offers a favorable tax system for businesses, including relatively low corporate tax rates. However, it is important to consider accounting and reporting requirements, which may vary depending on the type and size of the company.


The establishment of a company in the UK opens up many opportunities for entrepreneurs to develop their business internationally. Choosing the right form of legal entity and understanding local tax laws are key factors for a successful business start. Appropriate training and consultation with specialists can greatly simplify the process of registration and subsequent operation of the company.

 Do I need to have a registered office in the UK?

To successfully register and run a business in the UK, having a legal address is a prerequisite. This aspect is key not only for compliance with legal requirements, but also for maintaining transparency and trust among customers, partners and regulators. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at why a legal address in the UK is necessary and what its main functions are.

What is a legal address?

The company’s legal address is the address where the company is officially registered. This address is used for all official purposes, including correspondence with government agencies such as the Internal Revenue Service and Companies House. The legal address must be in the UK and not necessarily the same as the actual business address.

Why is a legal address important?

  1. Legal requirements: UK law requires that all companies have a registered legal address in the country. This address is used by regulators to send official correspondence.
  2. Corporate perception: Having a registered office in the UK can increase the credibility of your business among customers, suppliers and partners. This is perceived as a sign of stability and reliability.
  3. Privacy: Using a legal address allows business owners to keep their personal address confidential, especially if they work from home.
  4. Postal services: Many legal address providers offer additional services such as mail forwarding and mail management, which can be very convenient for businesses.

How do I get a legal address in the UK?

There are several ways to get a legal address in the UK:

  1. Office space rental: This is the most traditional method, but it can be expensive, especially for small businesses or startups.
  2. Using Virtual Office Services: Many companies offer virtual office services, including providing a legal address, mail processing, and other related services at a more affordable price.
  3. Registration Agents: These organizations can offer a registered office for your company and additional services such as accounting and legal support.


Having a registered office in the UK is an essential part of establishing and running a successful business. It provides a legal basis for your operations, promotes a professional image, and maintains the confidentiality of your personal data. Choosing the right legal address and using it correctly can significantly contribute to the growth and development of your business in the UK.

 Can I open a branch of a foreign company in the UK?

Opening a branch of a foreign company in the UK is an important step to expand the business and enter the British and European markets. The UK attracts foreign companies due to its developed market, stable economy and favorable business conditions. In this article, we will look at the key aspects of opening a branch of a foreign company in the UK, including legal requirements, the registration process, and tax specifics.

Legal basis

A foreign company can operate in the UK by opening a branch or representative office. However, it is important to understand the difference between these two forms of presence. The branch acts as an extension of a foreign company and is engaged in operational activities, while the representative office serves more for marketing and research purposes and does not conduct independent commercial activities.

To open a branch of a foreign company in the UK, it is necessary to register it with Companies House – the state registration authority. This process involves submitting certain documents, such as proof of the company’s existence in the country of origin and a description of the proposed activity in the UK.

Registration process

The process of registering a branch includes several steps:

  1. Preparation of documents: It is necessary to prepare and translate into English the constituent documents of a foreign company, as well as provide information about the directors and representatives of the branch.
  2. Companies House Registration: The documents are submitted to Companies House together with the BR1 form and the corresponding registration fee. After checking the submitted materials, the branch of a foreign company is registered as a “foreign enterprise”.
  3. Appointment of a representative: The foreign company must appoint an authorized representative in the UK who will be responsible for managing the branch’s business and communicating with the British authorities.


A branch of a foreign company in the UK is subject to income tax on its operations in the country. They must file an annual tax return and calculate their taxes in accordance with British law. It is important to note that the financial results of a branch may also affect the taxation of the parent company in its country of origin, depending on local legislation and the existence of double taxation agreements.


Opening a branch of a foreign company in the UK is a significant step that requires careful preparation and understanding of local legislation. It is important to pay attention to all legal aspects of registration and taxation, as well as consult with local specialists to ensure the successful launch and further operation of the branch. With the right approach and compliance with all the requirements, a branch office can become an effective tool for expanding the business of a foreign company in the UK market.

 Can a foreigner open companies in the UK?

The UK attracts entrepreneurs from all over the world with its open economy, stable legal system and favorable businessclimate. One of the most important issues for foreign investors is the possibility of opening a company in the country. In this article, we will look at whether a foreigner can open a company in the UK, what are the requirements for this and what is the process of registering a business.

Possibility of opening a company by foreigners

The UK provides foreign investors with the same opportunities to start and run businesses as local entrepreneurs. A foreigner can register a company in the UK, being a non-resident of the country. This means that no permanent residence in the UK is required to register and run a business. However, there are certain nuances that should be taken into account.

Types of companies for foreigners

Foreign entrepreneurs can choose from several forms of ownership for their business in the UK, including:

  • A private limited liability company (Ltd) is the most popular choice among foreign investors. Participants ‘ liability is limited to the size of their deposits.
  • Public Joint Stock Company (PLC — – suitable for large projects that plan to raise capital through a public offering of shares.
  • Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) — well-suited for professional services, where two or more partners want to maintain the flexibility of management under limited liability.

Company registration process

Registering a company as a foreigner in the UK involves the following steps:

  1. Choosing a company name: The name must be unique and not match the names that are already registered.
  2. Determining the legal address in the UK: Each company must have a legal address in the country that will be used for official correspondence.
  3. Preparation of constituent documents: This includes the company’s Articles of Association (Memorandum of Association) and Articles of Association (Articles of Association).
  4. Registration in Companies House: Submission of the required documents and payment of the registration fee.
  5. Opening a bank account: The company requires a bank account to conduct financial transactions.

Tax and legal obligations

After registering a company, foreign entrepreneurs must comply with local tax laws, including paying corporate tax, VAT (if applicable), and maintaining accounting records. The company is also required to submit annual reports to Companies House and a tax return.


Opening a company in the UK by foreigners is not only possible, but also relatively easy thanks to a well-organized system of registration and business management. It is important to carefully prepare for the registration process, ensure compliance with all legal and tax requirements, and take into account possible cultural and market features of doing business in the country.

 Can I get a residence permit when setting up a company in the UK?

In recent years, the UK has been actively attracting foreign investors and entrepreneurs, offering them various business opportunities on its territory. One of the most important issues for foreign entrepreneurs who want to establish a company in the UK is the possibility of obtaining a residence permit. In this article, we will take a detailed look at what programs and requirements exist for obtaining a residence permit through a company’s establishment in the UK.

Visa categories for entrepreneurs and investors

The UK offers several visa categories that may be of interest to foreign entrepreneurs seeking to establish a company and obtain a residence permit:

  1. Entrepreneur Visa (Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa): This category has been popular with entrepreneurs looking to launch or move their business to the UK. However, it should be noted that since April 2019, the Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa program has been closed to new applicants.
  2. Innovator Visa: Replacing the Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa, this visa is designed for those who wish to establish a business in the UK based on an innovative, viable and scalable business idea. Applicants must demonstrate that their business idea is new, has growth potential and will bring significant benefits to the UK economy. In addition, a minimum of £50,000 in business funding must be secured.
  3. Start-up Visa: This category is designed for aspiring entrepreneurs who want to start their first business in the UK. Unlike an innovator visa, a startup visa does not require a minimum capital requirement. Applicants must demonstrate that their business idea is innovative, viable, and scalable.

Requirements for obtaining a residence permit

Obtaining a residence permit through a company establishment in the UK requires meeting certain requirements:

  • Proof of financial viability: Applicants must demonstrate that they have sufficient funds to support themselves and their dependents for the duration of their stay in the UK.
  • Successful business: To extend the visa and then obtain a residence permit, applicants need to show that their business is actively developing and contributing to the country’s economy.
  • English Proficiency: Applicants must prove their proficiency in English at the required level.

Path to permanent residence and citizenship

Foreign entrepreneurs who successfully conduct business in the UK can eventually apply for permanent residence (Indefinite Leave to Remain, ILR), and then for citizenship. To do this, they must meet a number of criteria, including length of stay in the country, income level, and social integration.


Opening a company in the UK can be a path to obtaining a residence permit for foreign entrepreneurs. It is important to carefully study the requirements for visa categories, prepare the necessary documents and demonstrate the success of your business. With the right approach and strategy, foreign investors can not only successfully conduct business in the UK, but also get the right to permanent residence and eventually citizenship.

 What is written in the charter of a company registered in the UK?

The Charter of a company registered in the UK is one of the key documents defining the structure, rights and obligations of shareholders and directors, as well as the basic principles of the company’s management. This document, also known as the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association, is central to the operation of any company in the UK. Let’s take a closer look at what is usually written in the charter of a company in the UK.

Memorandum of Association

The Memorandum of Association, or Company Charter, sets out the intention of the founders to create a company and become its first shareholders or guarantors. This document contains:

  1. Company name: Specify the full legal name of the limited liability company, which must end with the suffix “Limited ” or” Ltd ” for private companies and “PLC” for public ones.
  2. Registered Address: An address in the United Kingdom that will be used for official correspondence.
  3. Purpose of activity: A general description of the subject matter and goals of the company’s activities. Although many companies specify their activities broadly enough to provide flexibility in the future.
  4. Announcement of a guarantee or share capital: Depending on the type of company, the founders indicate either the amount of share capital or the guarantee obligations that they assume.

Articles of Association

Articles of Association, or Articles of Association, describe in detail the company’s governance rules and regulate relations between shareholders and directors. This document may include:

  1. Definitions and Interpretations: Key terms and definitions used in the document.
  2. Shares and share capital: Rules for issuing, transferring and disposing of shares, including the rights and obligations of shareholders.
  3. Management of the company: The procedure for appointing and dismissing directors, their powers, duties and responsibilities. The rules for holding meetings of directors and annual general meetings of shareholders may also be specified.
  4. Financial regulations: Managing the company’s finances, including profit sharing, accounting, and auditing.
  5. Changes in articles of association: Procedure for making changes to the company’s statutory documents.
  6. Disputeresolution: Mechanisms for resolving potential conflicts between shareholders and directors.

The association’s articles are a more detailed and comprehensive document that can be adapted to specific business needs and goals. Companies often use the standard association article templates offered by Companies House, but they can also develop their own documents to better reflect the unique management structure and strategy.

The company’s Charter and articles of association together form the legal basis for the company’s operation, providing a clear understanding of the rules and procedures for both founders and managers.

 How long does it take to set up a company in the UK?

Setting up a company in the UK is a process that attracts many entrepreneurs from all over the world due to its relative simplicity and efficiency. The time required to register a company may vary depending on various factors, including the type of company selected, the completeness and accuracy of the documents provided, and the application method chosen. In this article, we will look at the main stages of establishing a company in the UK and estimate how long it usually takes for each of them.

  1. Preparation and planning

The first step involves choosing the company name, determining the management structure and share capital, and preparing the statutory documents: Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association. At this stage, it is also important to decide whether you will use the services of a registration agent or do the registration yourself.

Time: The preparatory phase may take from a few days to several weeks, depending on the complexity of the business structure and the time required to collect and prepare all the documents.

  1. Applying to Companies House

Once all the necessary documents are prepared, the next step is to apply for registration with Companies House — the government body responsible for registering companies in the UK. You can submit your application online or by mail.

  • Online registration is usually the fastest method and can take as little as 24 hours. The online service is available for most types of companies and requires payment of a fee of £12 (at the time of writing).
  • Postal registration takes longer — usually from 8 to 10 business days after receiving the Companies House documents. The cost of this service is £40.
  1. Additional checks and procedures

In some cases, additional time may be required to complete specific inspections or obtain additional permits and licenses required for a specific type of activity. This can add anywhere from a few days to several months to the total registration time.

  1. Getting documents from Companies House

After successful registration of the company, Companies House will send you an official Certificate of Incorporation, which confirms that your company legally exists. For online registration, this document will be available in electronic form immediately after registration. During postal registration, documents will be sent by mail and may require additional delivery time.

 What activities can a company do in the UK?

In the UK, companies can engage in a wide range of activities, from financial services to technology and manufacturing. With a developed economy, a strong legal system and a stable political environment, the UK is an attractive place to do business. Let’s take a look at some of the key areas of activity that companies in the UK can engage in.

  1. Financial services

London is one of the largest financial centers in the world, and many companies in the UK provide a variety of financial services, including banking, insurance, investment and asset management. There are also specialized financial districts, such as the City of London and Canary Wharf, where many major banks and financial institutions are headquartered.

  1. Technology and the digital economy

The UK has a well-developed information technology and digital economy sector, including software development, mobile technology, artificial intelligence and blockchain. The tech cluster around London, known as the “Silicon Circle,” is home to a host of startups and global tech companies.

  1. Creative and media industries

The UK is known for its creative and media industries, including film, television, music, video games and publishing. British film studios such as Pinewood and Shepperton are the filming locations for many famous Hollywood films, and London’s advertising agencies are considered among the best in the world.

  1. Manufacturing and Engineering

Although the UK’s manufacturing sector has declined in recent decades, the country remains a leader in some areas of high-tech manufacturing, including aerospace, pharmaceuticals and specialty equipment. UK manufacturing companies often focus on exports and international trade.

  1. Education and research

The UK has one of the strongest research and academic bases in the world. Many companies in the field of education and research cooperate with leading universities andresearch institutes in the country to develop new technologies and products.

  1. Health and social services

The health and social services sector in the UK includes both public and private institutions. Companies can provide medical services, develop medical equipment and technologies, and offer care services for the elderly and those in need.


The UK offers favorable conditions for business development in various sectors. An open economy, a high level of innovation and a strong tradition of entrepreneurship make the country an attractive destination for companies from all over the world.

Should a company in the UK have employees?

In the UK, there is no absolute legal requirement for a company to have employees. A company can be registered and operate without them, if its operations allow it to do so. However, there are several aspects to consider:

  • Directors and Company Secretary: Depending on the type of company, such as a private limited liability company (Ltd) or a public company (PLC), at least one director is required. The director does not have to be an employee, but he must manage the company’s operations and be responsible for them. The PLC also requires a qualified secretary, although this employee may also not be an employee.
  • Registration obligations: All companies must register with the Companies House and submit annual reports and accounting documents. The absence of employees does not relieve you of these responsibilities.

Practical aspect

Many small businesses, sole proprietors and start-ups in the UK start their operations without employees, relying on the owners ‘ own efforts and possibly contractors or freelancers to complete specific tasks. This can be an effective way to minimize costs in the early stages of a business.

However, as the company grows and expands, there may be a need to hire employees to perform day-to-day operations, manage specialized tasks, or provide quality customer service.


The availability of employees in a company in the UK depends on many factors, including the size of the business, the scope of activity and the specific needs of the enterprise. It is important to understand that the absence of employees does not exempt you from responsibility for compliance with the law, including company registration and reporting. As the business grows, it may become necessary to hire employees to expand operations, improve efficiency, and meet customer needs, which in turn can contribute to the company’s continued growth and success.

 How do I choose a company name in the UK?

Choosing a name for a company in the UK is an important step that can have a significant impact on the perception of your business by potential customers, its marketing prospects, and even the legal aspects of its operations. Here’s a guide to help you make informed choices.

  1. Reflecting the essence of the business

Your name should reflect the essence of your business or services. This helps potential customers instantly understand exactly what you are offering, and establishes a clear positioning of your company in the market.

  1. Uniqueness and memorability

Choose a unique and memorable name to stand out from the competition. Make sure that the name is easy to pronounce and remember, as well as well understood by ear.

  1. Checking for availability

Before making a final selection, you must check whether the name you have already selected is registered. In the UK, there is a special online service for this purpose on the Companies House website. In addition, you should check the availability of the corresponding domain name on the Internet.

  1. Compliance with legal requirements

Make sure that your name meets the requirements of British law. For example, some words and expressions can only be used after receiving special permission. Also, avoid using words that might be misleading about your business.

  1. Avoid restrictions and stereotypes

Avoid names that may limit the future growth and development of your business, or that carry cultural, geographical, or other stereotypes, unless this is part of your marketing strategy.

  1. International verification

If you plan to do business internationally, make sure that the chosen name does not have negative connotations or is not a registered trademark in other countries.

  1. Getting feedback

Before making a final decision, get feedback from potential customers, partners, and colleagues. Their look can help you see things you might have missed and assess the overall effectiveness and appeal of the title.

  1. Professional advice

Consider consulting with a professional lawyer or marketer to make sure that the name is chosen correctly. This can help you avoid future legal challenges and make sure that your choice is marketing effective.


Choosing a name for your company in the UK is not just a creative process, but also an important strategic step that requires careful analysis and planning. Based on the above recommendations, you can choose a name that not only reflects the essence of your business, but also contributes to its long-term success and growth.

 Business Register in the UK

The Business register in the UK, known as the Companies House, plays a central role in the life of British business, ensuring transparency and accessibility of information about companies registered in the country. It serves as an official register for companies, partnerships, and legal entities, providing key information to government authorities, investors, partners, and the public. Let’s take a closer look at how the business register works in the UK, its functions and significance for the business community.

Main functions of the Corporate Affairs Department

Company registration

The key function of Companies House is to register new companies and provide them with a unique company number. The registration process involves submitting the necessary documents, such as the company’s charter and the form of appointment of directors, as well as paying the appropriate fee.

Providing information about companies

Companies House provides access to an extensive database containing information about all registered companies, including their status, registration address, information about directors and secretaries, and annual financial statements. This information is available for public viewing online through the official website of the Department.

Maintaining up-to-date information

Companies are required to regularly update information about their activities, including changes in the composition of directors, registration address or share capital structure. Companies House monitors this process, ensuring that the information provided is up-to-date and accurate.

Protecting the public interest

By ensuring transparency and accessibility of information about companies, the Office of Corporate Affairs protects the interests of investors, creditors and the general public, preventing fraud and promoting fair competition.

Business Value

Transparency and trust

The availability of information about companies through Companies House increases the transparency of the business environment and contributes to the formation of trust between the business, its partners and customers.

Legal protection

Company registration in Companies House is a legal requirement that grants the company legal status and protects the rights of its owners and shareholders.

Simplify business processes

The information provided by Companies House can be used to check potential partners and customers, as well as to analyze competitors, which contributes to more informed decision-making and simplification of business processes.


The UK Corporate Affairs Office plays a key role in maintaining order and transparency in the UK business environment. By providing extensive and accessible information about companies, Companies House helps protect the interests of all market participants, from investors to ordinary consumers, and maintains high standards of doing business in the country.


“I specialize in guiding you through the latest developments in the business landscape and optimizing your project to align with the newest laws and regulations in the United Kingdom. Don’t hesitate – get in touch with me today, and let’s initiate the process for your success in the UK.”

Viktoriia Korotkevich


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RUE customer support team


“Hi, if you are looking to start your project, or you still have some concerns, you can definitely reach out to me for comprehensive assistance. Contact me and let’s start your business venture.”


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At the moment, the main services of our company are legal and compliance solutions for FinTech projects. Our offices are located in Vilnius, Prague, and Warsaw. The legal team can assist with legal analysis, project structuring, and legal regulation.

Company in Lithuania UAB

Registration number: 304377400
Anno: 30.08.2016
Phone: +370 661 75988
Email: [email protected]
Address: Lvovo g. 25 – 702, 7th floor, Vilnius,
09320, Lithuania

Company in Poland Sp. z o.o

Registration number: 38421992700000
Anno: 28.08.2019
Phone: +48 50 633 5087
Email: [email protected]
Address: Twarda 18, 15th floor, Warsaw, 00-824, Poland

Regulated United Europe OÜ

Registration number: 14153440–
Anno: 16.11.2016
Phone: +372 56 966 260
Email:  [email protected]
Address: Laeva 2, Tallinn, 10111, Estonia

Company in Czech Republic s.r.o.

Registration number: 08620563
Anno: 21.10.2019
Phone: +420 775 524 175
Email:  [email protected]
Address: Na Perštýně 342/1, Staré Město, 110 00 Prague

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