Company formation in Ireland

Embarking on the journey of establishing a company in Ireland opens the door to a plethora of advantages in a business-friendly landscape. The seamless and advantageous process of company formation in Ireland is a testament to the country’s commitment to fostering a thriving entrepreneurial ecosystem. With a reputation for embracing innovation, Ireland stands as an attractive destination for visionaries and business leaders aiming to capitalize on a dynamic and forward-thinking marketplace.

One of the key pillars of Ireland’s appeal is its business-friendly policies. The regulatory framework is designed to facilitate efficient and transparent processes, providing entrepreneurs with the confidence to navigate legal requirements with ease. The ease of doing business in Ireland is further enhanced by a supportive government that encourages entrepreneurship through various initiatives, incentives, and a commitment to reducing bureaucratic hurdles.

Strategically positioned within the European Union, Ireland serves as a gateway to a vast market, offering businesses access to a diverse and economically vibrant region. The country’s membership in the EU provides companies with the advantage of participating in a single market, allowing for the free movement of goods, services, capital, and labor. This strategic location positions Ireland as an ideal hub for international trade and investment, fostering a climate conducive to business growth and expansion.


3,500 EUR
  • Company registration process assistance
  • Free company name check
  • Certificate of Incorporation
  • Memorandum & Articles of Association (Constitution)
  • Share Certificates
  • All CRO Fees
  • Free Consultation
  • Schedule of Company Officers Document
  • Support available 7 days a week
  • Free Basic Tax advice
  • First Annual Return
  • Legal address
  • Registration of Beneficial owners
  • State fees

Open business in Ireland


Access to European Markets

Set up your company quickly, easily, and cheaply

Taxation with a low income tax rate that is advantageous

Residency in Ireland is possible



Launching a business in Ireland requires careful consideration of various factors to ensure a smooth and successful establishment. Begin by choosing the right legal structure, whether it’s a sole trader, partnership, or limited company. Each option comes with its implications for liability, taxation, and regulatory requirements.

Familiarize yourself with Irish business regulations to ensure compliance with licensing and permits. Understanding and adhering to legal requirements will prevent potential setbacks in the early stages of your business.

Develop a comprehensive business plan that outlines your objectives, target market, financial projections, and growth strategy. A well-thought-out plan is essential for attracting investors, securing loans, and guiding your business toward success.

Explore Ireland’s tax environment, particularly the 12.5% corporation tax rate, which is attractive for businesses. Understand tax reliefs and incentives supporting innovation to optimize your financial strategy.

Choose the right location for your business, considering factors like proximity to suppliers, accessibility for customers, and the availability of a skilled workforce. Dublin, in particular, offers a vibrant business environment.

Leverage the supportive startup ecosystem in Ireland by connecting with local business networks, accelerators, and incubators. Organizations like Enterprise Ireland and Local Enterprise Offices provide valuable mentoring, training, and funding opportunities.

Assess the local workforce, taking into account skill sets, availability, and demographics. Ireland’s youthful, English-speaking, and highly skilled workforce can be a significant asset for your business.

Launching a business in Ireland involves navigating these factors thoughtfully to set the foundation for a successful and sustainable venture.










Dublin 5.033 million EURO $102,217

Ireland’s commitment to education and innovation has contributed to the development of a highly skilled workforce. The country’s robust education system, coupled with a focus on research and development, ensures that businesses operating in Ireland have access to a talented pool of professionals. This, in turn, enhances the overall competitiveness and sustainability of companies in various industries.

In addition to these strategic advantages, Ireland’s favorable corporate tax regime has long been a draw for businesses seeking a competitive edge. The country’s low corporate tax rate, combined with a commitment to transparency, creates a tax-friendly environment that supports companies in maximizing their profits and optimizing their financial structures.

As you embark on the journey of establishing your company in Ireland, you are not just choosing a location; you are positioning your business at the intersection of innovation, accessibility, and growth. Ireland’s welcoming business environment, coupled with its strategic advantages, sets the stage for a prosperous and sustainable entrepreneurial venture. Partnering with the rich opportunities Ireland offers is not just a strategic choice; it is a gateway to a dynamic and flourishing future for your business

To initiate the process, entrepreneurs typically need to choose a suitable business structure, such as a private limited company (Ltd). This involves selecting a unique company name and appointing directors and shareholders. Additionally, the company must have a registered office in Ireland.

The registration process involves submitting the necessary documents, including the company’s constitution, to the Companies Registration Office (CRO). The CRO is the regulatory authority responsible for the incorporation of companies in Ireland. It’s essential to adhere to Irish company law and fulfill all statutory requirements during the registration.

One of the significant advantages of setting up a company in Ireland is the attractive corporate tax rate, which is among the lowest in Europe. The country’s well-educated workforce, access to European markets, and a robust legal and regulatory framework further enhance Ireland’s appeal for businesses.

Overall, the process of establishing a company in Ireland is streamlined, and the country’s business-friendly ecosystem makes it an ideal choice for entrepreneurs seeking a stable and supportive environment for their ventures.

Your initial step is to designate a director – a minimum of one is necessary.

This director assumes the responsibility of managing the company on behalf of its shareholders. Typically, in startup ventures, the directors and shareholders are synonymous, reflecting a concentration on business development.

For all Irish companies, having at least one director who is a resident of an EEA/EU country is mandatory. However, if a company in Ireland comprises entirely non-EEA resident directors, a non-EEA resident bond known as a Section 137 Bond must be obtained. This obligation also extends to UK-resident directors aiming to establish a company in Ireland as non-resident directors, particularly in the post-Brexit regulatory landscape.

Non-EEA/EU resident directors can establish an Irish company without securing a bond if there is at least one director residing in an EEA state, such as Ireland. In essence, two directors are required, with one residing within the EEA.

Every director must possess a Personal Public Service (PPS) Number to initiate the company setup process in Ireland. If you lack one, application procedures are available, albeit time-consuming. As an alternative, you can opt for a Verification Identity Number (VIN) by completing a Form VIF. Either a PPS number or VIN is imperative for the establishment of a company in Ireland.

What types of companies exist in Ireland?

Ireland offers a variety of legal forms of companies for entrepreneurs and investors looking to start or expand their businesses. Choosing the appropriate form depends on a number of factors, including the size and type of business, tax and financial goals, and the level of responsibility that founders are willing to accept.

  1. Private Limited Company by Shares – LTD

This is the most common form of business in Ireland. The liability of shareholders is limited to the amount they have invested in the company’s shares. LTD can have from one to 149 shareholders and is not required to hold annual general meetings. This form is suitable for most types of businesses, including small and medium-sized ones.

  1. Public Limited Company – PLC

A PLC may offer shares for sale to the general public and be traded on a stock exchange. This form requires a minimum authorized capital of 25,000 euros, of which 25% must be paid before the company is registered. PLC is suitable for large businesses planning to raise capital through public markets.

  1. Company Limited by Guarantee – CLG

CLG has no share capital, and its members are obligated to make a certain contribution in the event of liquidation of the company. Such companies are often used for non-profit organizations, clubs, or public associations.

  1. Limited Partnership – LP

In an LP, one or more participants (limited partners) have limited liability limited to their contribution, while one or more participants (general partners) are fully responsible. LP is commonly used in investment projects.

  1. Sole Trader

This is the simplest and least formalized form of doing business. An individual entrepreneur fully controls the business and bears unlimited personal responsibility for its obligations. This option is suitable for small businesses and freelancers.

  1.  Branch

A foreign company can open a branch in Ireland to operate under its own name. The branch is not a separate legal entity, but must register with the Irish Registration Chamber and file annual financial statements.

  1. Other forms

In addition, there are specialized forms of companies in Ireland, such as investment funds, which are subject to specific regulations depending on their activities.


Choosing the right legal form for a company in Ireland depends on many factors and requires careful analysis of the business model, financial objectives, and the desired level of responsibility and risk. Each type of company has its own advantages and disadvantages, as well as corresponding legal and tax obligations. Therefore, it is important to consult with legal and tax specialists before deciding whether to register a company in Ireland.

Table with tax rates for Irish companies:

Tax Category Rate
Corporate income tax 12.5%
Value Added tax (VAT) Not specified
Personal income tax 20% – 40%
Social tax Not specified
Dividend tax Not specified
Average salary 2023 Not specified

What is the size of the company’s authorized capital in Ireland?

The share capital of a company in Ireland is the amount that is paid by the shareholders or founders of the company as an investment in its shares at the time of registration. This capital serves as the basis for the financial stability of the company and can be used to cover initial expenses and investments. The amount of authorized capital can vary greatly depending on the type of company and its business goals. In this article, we will look at the charter capital requirements for various types of companies in Ireland and the specifics of its definition.

  1. Private Limited Liability Company (LTD)

There are no strict minimum capital requirements for private limited liability companies in Ireland. Founders can independently determine its size depending on the needs and goals of the business. However, it is important that the amount of authorized capital is sufficient to cover the initial operating expenses and serve as a basis for the financial stability of the company.

  1. Public Joint Stock Company (PLC)

Для публичных акционерных компаний (There is a minimum share capital requirement for public joint stock companies (PLCs) in Ireland. The minimum authorized capital for a PLC must be 25,000 euros, of which at least 25% must be paid at the time of incorporation. This requirement provides a certain level of financial protection for creditors and shareholders.

  1. Guarantee Limited Liability Company (CLG)

For guarantee limited liability companies often used by non-profit organizations, the authorized capital is replaced by the guarantee of its members. In this case, the members of the company undertake to pay a certain amount to cover the company’s debts in the event of its liquidation. The amount of the guarantee is determined in the company’s constituent documents.

  1. Limited Liability Partnership (LP)

In the case of limited liability partnerships, the share capital usually consists of the contributions of all partners. The minimum size of the authorized capital for LP is not set by the legislation of Ireland, and its size must be determined by agreement between the partners.

  1. Sole Trader

For individual entrepreneurs, the concept of authorized capital does not apply, since the business is conducted on the personal funds of the entrepreneur, and he bears unlimited responsibility for the obligations of the business.

Features of determining the size of the authorized capital

When determining the size of a company’s share capital in Ireland, a number of factors should be considered, including expected operating expenses, minimum capital requirements (for certain types of companies), financing needs, and strategic business objectives. It is also important to remember that the share capital may be increased in the future through additional contributions from shareholders or the issue of shares.


The size of the company’s registered capital in Ireland varies depending on the type of legal form of the business and its specific needs. It is important to carefully determine the authorized capital, taking into account both the current and future needs of your business, in order to ensure its sustainability and development.

 Should a company in Ireland have a local director?

Under Irish corporate law, a private limited company (LTD) must have at least two directors, while a new type of company, known as a “Model Private Company Limited by Shares” (LTD company), can manage one director. Although the law does not require all companies to have a local director, having at least one director residing in the European Economic Area (EEA) greatly simplifies the management and regulatory compliance process.

Need for a local director

Having a director residing in Ireland or another EEA country is not only a recommendation, but may also be a requirement to ensure better compliance with local corporate and tax obligations. A local director can facilitate interaction with the Irish tax and registration authorities, as well as ensure that all corporate requirements are met.

Exceptions to the rules

For companies that cannot or do not want to appoint a local director, there are alternative options to comply with the law:

  1. Company Secretary residing in Ireland: Some companies may choose to appoint a qualified company secretary residing in Ireland as a way to meet local government requirements.
  2. Guarantee mechanism: The Company can provide a guarantee of 25,000 euros as a commitment to comply with Irish laws and regulations, thus avoiding the appointment of a local director.
  3. Director from another CES country: If the company has a director residing in any of the CES countries, this also meets the legal requirements.

The importance of compliance

Regardless of the option chosen, it is essential to ensure full compliance with Irish corporate and tax laws. The discrepancy may lead to legal and financial consequences for the company and its directors.


The choice between appointing a local director or using alternative options depends on many factors, including the specifics of the business, future plans, and willingness to comply with local requirements. Having a local director in Ireland can significantly simplify the management of a company, ensure that it meets local legal and tax requirements, and contribute to successful business development. However, companies also have the opportunity to choose alternative management practices that may better suit their unique needs and goals.

 What are the government fees for setting up a company in Ireland?

Establishing a company in Ireland is a process that involves not only preparing and submitting relevant documents, but also paying government fees. These fees may vary depending on the type of company and the method of submission of documents. In this article, we will take a detailed look at the amount of government fees associated with establishing various types of companies in Ireland, and provide useful information about additional fees that may arise during the registration process.

Government fees for various types of companies

Private Limited Liability Company (LTD):

    • When submitting documents electronically through the CORE (Companies Online Registration Environment) system, the state fee is approximately €50.
    • When submitting documents in paper form, the fee increases and may amount to about €100.

Public Joint Stock Company (PLC):

    • The state fee for registering a public joint-stock company is similar to a private limited liability company, but due to the more complex structure and additional requirements, the cost may vary slightly.

Limited Liability Company under Warranty (CLG):

    • Fees for non-profit organizations registered as CLGusually correspond to the fees for LTD and PLC, but you should check the current information at the time of registration.

Limited Liability Partnership (LP):

    • Registration of an LP in Ireland requires payment of a fee, which may vary. We recommend that you specify the exact amount immediately before submitting your documents, as it may change.

Additional fees

In addition to the main state fee for company registration, additional fees may arise related to submitting specific documents or receiving additional services:

  • Urgent Registration Fees: If you need to speed up the registration process, various urgent registration options can be offered for an additional fee.
  • Fees for professional services: If you use the services of legal or consulting agencies to prepare and submit documents, additional fees may apply.
  • Additional Document fees: Separate fees may apply for the preparation and submission of additional documents, such as the company’s articles of incorporation or articles of association.


The amount of government fees for setting up a company in Ireland depends on the type of company and the method of filing documents. It is necessary to take into account not only the basic registration fee, but also possible additional fees associated with the registration process. To accurately plan the costs of setting up a company, it is recommended to check all applicable fees and charges in advance on official resources and, if necessary, consult with professionals in the field of corporate law and accounting.

 What is the annual cost of servicing a company in Ireland?

The annual cost of servicing a company in Ireland includes a number of mandatory payments and costs that must be taken into account for each business registered in this country. These costs may vary depending on the size of the company, its type, scope of operations, and reporting and tax requirements. In this article, we will look at the main components of the annual maintenance costs of a company in Ireland to provide entrepreneurs with useful information for planning and managing their budget.

  1. State fees and duties

One of the main annual payments for Irish companies is the government fee for submitting annual reports. In 2023, the amount of this fee is approximately €20 for electronic submission through the CORE system. For paper submissions, the fee may be higher. This fee is mandatory for all companies registered in Ireland.

  1. Audit and accounting

Audit and accounting costs are a significant part of annual expenses, especially for large companies and those whose activities require complex financial accounting. The cost of auditing and accounting services can vary widely depending on the scope of the company’s activities and the complexity of its financial operations. On average, small companies can expect to spend from several thousand to tens of thousands of euros per year for these purposes.

  1. Tax on the company’s home address

In Ireland, companies are required to have a registered office address in the country. The cost of providing a legal address may vary, but usually ranges from several hundred to several thousand euros per year, depending on the additional services provided, such as postal services or office space rental.

  1. Corporate Secretary

Irish law requires companies to appoint a corporate secretary who is responsible for complying with corporate procedures and regulations. Corporate secretary services may include preparation and submission of required documents and reports, as well as ensuring compliance with corporate legislation. The cost of these services usually starts from several hundred euros per year.

  1. Licensing and special permissions

Some activities in Ireland may require special licenses or permits, which also incur annual fees. The amount of these payments depends on the specific field of activity and regulatory requirements.


The annual cost of servicing a company in Ireland depends on many factors and can vary significantly depending on the specifics and scale of the business. It is important to plan these costs carefully and take them into account when making a budget.

 What are the main advantages of setting up a company in Ireland?

Ireland is one of the most attractive places to set up a company due to its open economy, favorable tax treatment, and stable legal and political system. These factors create fertile ground for business growth and development. In this article, we will look at the key advantages of setting up a company in Ireland that make this country attractive to international entrepreneurs and investors.

  1. Favorable tax treatment

Ireland offers one of the lowest corporate taxes in the European Union — 12.5% on profits from trading operations, which is significantly lower than in many other countries. This makes Ireland attractive for international business and investment. In addition, the country offers a number of tax incentives for companies engaged in research and development activities.

  1. Access to the European market

As a member of the European Union, Ireland provides companies registered in its territory with unhindered access to the European single market with a population of more than 500 million people. This opens up huge opportunities for trade, export and import of goods and services.

  1. Skilled labor force

Ireland has a highly skilled and multilingual workforce, which is an important factor for companies looking to innovate and expand their businesses. Irish universities and colleges annually produce talented professionals, especially in the fields of technology, finance and engineering.

  1. Advanced infrastructure

Ireland offers a state-of-the-art infrastructure, including well-developed transport networks, telecommunications and energy systems, enabling efficient logistics and connectivity. This is especially important for companies that export, import and provide services on an international scale.

  1. Government support

The Irish government actively supports businesses through various agencies such as IDA Ireland, offering investment incentives, financial support, and assistance in finding a place to do business. In addition, Ireland actively attracts foreign investment, offering favorable conditions for startups and international corporations.

  1. Stable legal system

Ireland has a transparent and stable legal system based on common law principles, which ensures the protection of property rights and investments. This creates a reliable business environment and reduces legal risks for companies.


Establishing a company in Ireland offers a number of significant benefits, including a favorable tax regime, access to the European market, a skilled workforce, advanced infrastructure, government support, and a stable legal system. These factors make Ireland one of the most attractive destinations for international business and investment.

 What are the ways to establish a company in Ireland?

Establishing a company in Ireland is a process that can be accomplished in several ways, depending on the specific needs and goals of the business. Ireland offers a favorable business environment with an attractive corporate tax rate, a highly skilled workforce and access to the European Union market, making it a popular choice for many international companies. Below are the main ways to establish a company in Ireland, each of which has its own characteristics and requirements.

  1. Direct registration of a new company

This is the most straightforward way to start a business in Ireland. The process involves selecting the appropriate form of company (for example, a private limited liability company (LTD) or a public joint stock company (PLC)), preparing and submitting constituent documentsto the Companies Registration Office (, CRO), and registering with the IrishRevenue Commissioners. Direct registration gives entrepreneurs full control over the structure and management of the company from the very beginning.

  1. PurchaseShelf of a Shelf Company)

For those who are looking for a faster way to start a business in Ireland, buying a ready-made company may be the best solution. Ready-made companies are legal entities that were registered by legal entities or company registration agencies, but were not active. Buying a ready-made company allows you to avoid the time spent on the registration process and immediately start doing business.

  1. Establishment of a branch of a foreign company

Foreign companies can start operating in Ireland by establishing a branch office. The branch acts as a representative office of a foreign company and is subject to registration with the Registration Company of Ireland. Although the branch is not a separate legal entity, it must comply with Irish law and tax requirements, as well as provide annual financial statements.

  1. Establishing a partnership

There are several forms of partnership in Ireland, includinga General Partnershipand aLimited Partnership. A partnership involves two or more people doing business together, where the partners share the profits and are responsible for the debts according to their agreements. This may be a suitable option for entrepreneurs who want to combine resources and expertise for a joint business.

  1. Use of the company’s business registration services

For those who prefer to minimize bureaucratic procedures, there are specialized companies and legal agencies that offer a full range of business registration and support services in Ireland. These services may include preparation and submission of necessary documentation, legal support, accounting and tax advice.


The choice of how to establish a company in Ireland depends on many factors, including the specifics of the business, the urgency of launching, financial and tax considerations. Each of these methods has its own advantages and can be optimized for specific business needs. It is important to conduct a thorough analysis and, if necessary, consult with представиrepresentatives from Regulated United Europe to select the most appropriate option for establishing a company in Ireland.

 Do I need to have a registered office in Ireland?

Having a registered office in Ireland is a fundamental requirement for all companies registered in that country. This mandatory condition, enshrined in Irish corporate law, underscores the desire to ensure transparency and accessibility of information about companies to government agencies, business partners and the public. In this article, we will look at the meaning of a legal address for companies in Ireland, the requirements for providing it, and the possible consequences of not having one.

What is a legal address?

The company’s legal address is the official address where the company is registered and where it conducts its official correspondence. This address is used as contact information for government agencies, including the Tax service and Registration Chamber, as well as for legal notices and official requests.

Requirements for a legal address in Ireland

In Ireland, a company is required to have a registered office within the country. This address must be specified when registering a company inthe Companies Registration Office (, CRO) and used for all official documents and correspondence. The address must be a real address (not a mailbox) where you can receive correspondence and use it to identify the company.

Legal address value

  1. Compliance with the law: Providing a registered office in Ireland is a legal requirement that ensures the legality and legitimacy of the company’s activities.
  2. Accessibility for government agencies and business partners: The legal address serves as a reliable communication channel between the company, government agencies and other stakeholders.
  3. Privacy: For entrepreneurs who work from home or prefer not to disclose their personal address, a legal address can provide a level of privacy by separating personal space and business activity.

Consequences of not having a legal address

The lack of a registered office in Ireland can lead to serious legal and financial consequences for the company, including fines, suspension of operations and even liquidation. It can also negatively affect the business reputation and trust of customers and partners.

How to ensure that you have a legal address

Companies can provide a legal address in Ireland in several ways. One option is to rent an office space. For many startups and small businesses, it may be preferable to use virtual office services provided by specialized agencies. These services include providing a legal address and, often, additional services such as mail processing and telephone service.


A registered office in Ireland is not just a formal requirement; it plays a key role in ensuring the legality, accessibility and reputation of a company. With its registered office, the company confirms its commitment to transparency and responsibility to the state, customers and partners. Choosing the right legal address and using it correctly can significantly contribute to the success and development of your business in Ireland.

  Can I open a branch of a foreign company in Ireland?

 Opening a branch of a foreign company in Ireland is an attractive opportunity for international business, given the country’s stable economy, favorable tax climate and highly skilled workforce. Ireland is renowned for its open, export-oriented economy and is an important gateway for companies seeking access to the European Union market. In this article, we will take a detailed look at the process of opening a branch of a foreign company in Ireland, including legal, tax and practical aspects.

Legal aspects

Registration of a branch

To get started, a foreign company needs to register its branch office in Ireland as an external company. This process involves submitting documentsto the Companies Registration Office (, CRO) in Ireland. Documents must contain:

  • Confirmation of the branch name.
  • Legal address of the branch in Ireland;
  • Information about the parent company.
  • Copies of the parent company’s founding documents and articles of association, notarized and translated into English.

Legal requirements

A branch office, like any company in Ireland, must comply with local legal requirements, including employment laws, tax laws and accounting regulations. The branch must also appoint a representative to interact with the Irish tax authorities.

Tax aspects

Ireland is known for its competitive corporate income tax rate, which is 12.5% for trading companies. However, it is worth noting that a branch of a foreign company is taxed only on income earned in Ireland.

Tax benefits

Ireland offers a range of tax incentives to attract foreign investment, including income tax benefits and opportunities for effective tax planning.

Practical aspects

Opening a bank account

To do business in Ireland, the branch will need to open a local bank account. This may require providing documentation about the parent company and branch, as well as information about directors and beneficial owners.

Hiring employees

Ireland offers a large pool of qualified professionals. When hiring employees, you must comply with local labor laws, including pay, working hours, and vacation rules.

Real estate and infrastructure

Choosing the right location for a branch is important for business success. Ireland offers a variety of commercial real estate options and well-developed infrastructure.


Opening a branch office in Ireland can be a lucrative step for a foreign company looking to expand its presence in Europe. A stable economy, a favorable tax climate and skilled labor make Ireland an attractive place to do business. However, it is important to thoroughly review all legal and tax aspects of the process, as well as the practical steps required to successfully launch operations.

Can a foreigner open a company in Ireland?

Opening a company in Ireland by foreigners is not only possible, but also welcome within the framework of the Irish economic policy aimed at attracting investment and business development. Ireland offers a favorable business environment, an attractive tax system and access to European Union markets, making it one of the most preferred places to do business internationally. In this article, we will look at the key steps and requirements for starting a company in Ireland as a foreigner.

Step 1: Select the company type

The first step is to choose the appropriate type of legal entity. In Ireland, foreigners most often register:

  • Private Limited Company (LTD) – a private limited liability company, the most popular and flexible option for small and medium-sized businesses.
  • Designated Activity Company (DAC) – a limited liability company whose activities are strictly defined in the charter.
  • Branch – a branch of a foreign company, for those who prefer to expand their existing business.

Step 2: Company registration

To register a company in Ireland, you must submit the relevant documents to the Company Registration Commission (CRO). The process includes:

  • Submission of the company’s charter and the foundation agreement (for an LTD, this is one document – the constitution);
  • Appointment of directors and a secretary (at least one director must be an EU resident, although there are ways to circumvent this requirement);
  • Specify the company’s legal address in Ireland.

Step 3: Opening a bank account

Opening a corporate bank account requires a personal presence in Ireland and the provision of a number of documents, including identification and proof of address of directors and shareholders, as well as company documents.

Step 4: Tax registration

Once a company is registered, it is necessary to register with theRevenue Commissioners of Irelandto obtain tax numbers, including the VAT payer’s number, if applicable to your business.

Step 5: Compliance with legal requirements

Companies in Ireland are required to comply with local laws, including bookkeeping, filing annual reports, and paying taxes. It is recommended that you find a reliable accountant or law firm to ensure that all requirements are met.

Advantages of opening a company in Ireland for foreigners:

  • Low corporate tax rate: Ireland offers one of the lowest corporate income tax rates in the EU – 12.5%.
  • Access to the EU market: As an EU member, Ireland provides companies with access to the European Union’s single market.
  • Lucrative tax arrangements: Ireland has many bilateral tax arrangements that prevent double taxation.
  • Qualified labor force: Ireland is known for the high level of education and skills of its workforce.

Starting a company in Ireland as a foreigner is a relatively straightforward process that offers many business opportunities and benefits. However, it is important to carefully study all legal and tax requirements and, if necessary, seek professional advice.

  Can I get a residence permit when setting up a company in Ireland?

Obtaining a residence permit when establishing a company in Ireland is of interest to many foreign entrepreneurs and investors seeking to expand their business or start a new business on the green island. Ireland, with its stable economy, attractive tax system and quality of life, is a desirable place to live and do business. In this article, we will look at what opportunities Ireland offers foreign entrepreneurs to obtain a residence permit through a company establishment.

Immigration programs for entrepreneurs

Ireland offers several immigration programs aimed at attracting foreign investors and entrepreneurs. One such program is the Investor Immigration Program (IIP), which provides residence permits to those who are willing to make significant investments in the Irish economy, including setting up a company. Another program — the Startup Visa for Entrepreneurs (STEP), is specifically designed for entrepreneurs planning to launch a startup in Ireland with high growth potential.

Investor Immigration Program (IIP)

To participate in the IIP program, an investor must offer one of several types of investment, one of which may be the establishment of a company in Ireland. Investment requirements are constantly updated, so it is important to check the latest information on the official website of the Irish immigration services.

Startup visa for entrepreneurs (STEP)

This program is designed for non-European entrepreneurs who want to develop their business in Ireland. Applicants must submit an innovative business plan that can create jobs and benefit the Irish economy. Successful applicants receive an initial residence permit for two years, which can then be extended.

Requirements and process

Regardless of the chosen program, entrepreneurs will need to:

  • Prepare a detailed business plan that demonstrates the viability and potential of the company being created.
  • Prove that you have sufficient funds to invest and support yourself and your family in Ireland.
  • Pass a criminal record check and other formalities required for entry and residence in the country.

Advantages of obtaining a residence permit

Obtaining a residence permit through a company establishment in Ireland offers a number of advantages:

  • The right to live and work in Ireland, as well as the opportunity to include family members in the program.
  • Access to the European Union market for business development.
  • The benefits of a stable economy and a favorable tax climate in Ireland.


Ireland provides unique opportunities for foreign entrepreneurs who want to expand their business and ensure a high quality of life. Obtaining a residence permit through a company establishment is a complex process that requires careful preparation and understanding of the Irish business environment. It is important to carefully study all the requirements and procedures, as well as seek the help of professional consultants, in order to increase the chances of successfully obtaining a residence permit.

  What is written in the charter of a company registered in Ireland?

The Charter of a company registered in Ireland is a key constituent document that defines the structure, management and rules of operation of the company. This document contains the main provisions concerning the organization and management of the company and must be submitted to the Irish Companies Registration Office (CRO) during the registration process. In Ireland, for private limited liability companies (LTD), the company’s charter is called the “Constitution”. Next, we will look at the main aspects that are usually spelled out in the charter of an Irish company.

Company name

The Articles of Association should clearly indicate the full legal name of the company, including words such as “Limited”or their abbreviations (“Ltd”), to emphasize the limited liability of shareholders.

Goals and subject of the company’s activity

The document should describe the main goals and activities of the company, defining the framework in which it will operate. This helps avoid confusion and conflicts of interest in the future.

Registered office address

The Charter must contain the exact address of the company’s registered office in Ireland, which serves as the official address for correspondence and legal notices.

Capital and shares of the company

This section of the charter contains information about the company’s nominal capital, the division of capital into shares, their types and par value. You can also specify the rights, obligations, and restrictions associated with different categories of shares.

Management structure

The Charter defines the company’s management structure, including the composition and powers of the directors and the Board of Directors, as well as the procedure for their appointment and resignation. This section may also include provisions for holding meetings of directors and general meetings of shareholders.

Rights and obligations of shareholders

The document sets out the rights and obligations of shareholders, including the right to vote at general meetings, the right to dividends and the procedure for allocating assets in the event of liquidation of the company.

Accounting and auditing

The Charter contains provisions on accounting, preparation and presentation of financial statements, as well as on conducting an audit (if required).

Changes to the Charter

The charter may also specify the terms and procedure for making changes to the document, which is important for the company to adapt to changing business conditions and legislation.

Dispute resolution

Some bylaws contain provisions on mechanisms for resolving disputes between shareholders or between shareholders and the company, including arbitration and judicial procedures.

The articles of association of a company registered in Ireland play a central role in defining the rules and governance structure of the company. It provides the legal basis for its activities and helps protect the interests of all stakeholders. When drafting a charter, it is important to take into account both the current needs of the business and the possibility of future growth and changes.

  How long does it take to set up a company in Ireland?

 Establishing a company in Ireland is a process that can vary in time depending on a number of factors, including the type of company, the completeness and accuracy of the documents provided, and the current workload of the Companies Registration Office (CRO). Below is a detailed overview of the stages of setting up a company in Ireland and the time that may be required at each stage.

1. Planning and preparation of documentation

Before starting registration, you need to carefully plan the company structure, choose a name, identify directors and shareholders, and prepare all the necessary documents. At this stage, it is also recommended to get advice from specialists-accountants, lawyers, or consulting agencies specializing in the establishment of companies. The time taken to plan and prepare can vary, but usually takes from a few days to several weeks.

2. Submission of documents to the CRO

After preparing all the necessary documentation, the procedure for submitting documents to the Company Registration Commission follows. In Ireland, this can be done online through the CORE (Companies Online Registration Environment) system or by mail. Online registration is usually faster and preferable. The time frame for reviewing CRO documents may vary, but the standard registration period for online submissions is about 5 business days. When submitting documents by mail, the process may take from 10 to 15 business days.

3. Obtaining a certificate of registration

After the application and documents are approved, the CRO issuesa Certificate of Incorporation,which is an official confirmation of your company’s establishment. Obtaining a certificate usually takes place within a few days after the documents are approved.

4. Registration with the Tax Service

The next step after obtaining the certificate of incorporation is to register the company with theRevenue Commissioners of Irelandto obtain tax numbers. This process can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks, depending on the specific circumstances.

5. Opening a bank account

Opening a corporate bank account is an important step that can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks. The time frame may depend on the chosen bank and documentation requirements.


In general, the process of establishing a company in Ireland can take from 2 to 6 weeks, starting from the moment of planning and preparation of documents until all the necessary registrations and permits are obtained to start operations. It is important to keep in mind that this period may vary depending on specific circumstances, including the type of company chosen, the accuracy and completeness of the documents provided, as well as individual features of interaction with government agencies and banks.

What activities can a company do in Ireland?

Companies in Ireland can engage in a wide range of activities, thanks to the favorable economic environment, attractive tax policy and strategic location of the country. Ireland is a popular destination for international business and the European headquarters of many major global companies. Here are a few key areas of activity that companies in Ireland can engage in:

1. Information technology and software

Ireland is known as one of the leading European centers for ITcompanies and software development. Major tech giants such as Google, Facebook, and Applehave chosen Ireland as the location for their European headquarters. Startups and software developers are also finding fertile ground for growth in Ireland, thanks to access to qualified specialists and support for innovative projects.

2. Financial services

The financial sector in Ireland is one of the most dynamic in Europe, including banking, insurance, asset management and fintech. Dublin, as the capital, attracts many international financial institutions and investment funds due to its developed infrastructure and favorable tax conditions.

3. Pharmaceuticals and biotechnologies

Ireland has a leading position in the world in the field of pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. The country serves as a manufacturing and research site for the world’s largest pharmaceutical companies. Ireland offers attractive tax incentives for research and development projects, which makes it attractive for innovative research in medicine and biotechnology.

4. Tourism and hospitality

Tourism is an important part of Ireland’s economy, attracting visitors with its rich history, culture and spectacular scenery. There are many hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, and other hospitality businesses, and they offer a wide range of services to serve the millions of tourists visiting the country each year.

5. Energy and renewable energy sources

Ireland is actively developing the renewable energy sector, including wind, solar and wave energy. Government support and investment in green energy open up new opportunities for companies working in this area.

6. Agriculture and food industry

Ireland is known for its high-quality agricultural production, including dairy products, meat and cereals. The country’s food industry exports its products all over the world, maintaining high standards of quality and sustainable development.

7. Education and training

Ireland is also a hub for international education, offering high-quality educational programs and courses for students from all over the world. This creates opportunities for companies that specialize in educational services, language courses, and professional training.

This wide range of opportunities makes Ireland attractive for entrepreneurs and companies in a wide variety of industries. With a flexible economic policy and support for innovation, the country continues to attract international investment and develop its business landscape.

  Should a company in Ireland have employees?

In Ireland, there is no legal requirement for every company to have employees. A company can exist without hiring staff, especially if it is engaged in asset management, investment management, or is a holding company. However, there are certain requirements for the presence of directors and a company secretary, who may also be shareholders.

Tax legislation

Ireland’s tax policy offers attractive business opportunities, including a low corporate tax rate. However, the use of hired labor can provide additional tax benefits and deductions, such as the ability to include wages in expenses, which can reduce the overall tax burden of the company.

Operational requirements

The decision to hire employees is usually determined by the operational needs of the company. For some types of activities, such as manufacturing, trade, ITdevelopment, or customer service, hiring qualified personnel is a key factor for successful operation and business expansion.

Support and incentives for employers

The Irish government and various government agencies offer a variety of programs to support and encourage job creation, including grants, tax breaks, and advisory services. This can be an additional incentive for companies to hire employees, especially in high-tech and innovative sectors of the economy.


In general, there is no absolute requirement to have employees to do business in Ireland. Hiring decisions should be based on the company’s legal obligations, tax considerations, operational needs, and strategic goals. Regardless of whether the company decides to hire employees or not, it is important to take into account all aspects of business management in order to ensure its successful operation and development in the Irish market.

 How do I choose a company name in Ireland?

Choosing a name for a company in Ireland is an important step that can have a significant impact on the perception of your business by customers, its marketing and branding. The name should not only be memorable and reflect the essence of your business, but also comply with the legal requirements and regulations of Ireland. Here are some key aspects and tips to help you through the process:

1. Reflecting the essence of the business

Choose a name that reflects the essence of your business and its key benefits. This will help potential customers immediately understand what you do and what you offer.

2. Uniqueness and memorability

The name must be unique and memorable. Avoid names that are too general or hackneyed, which may make it difficult for you to distinguish yourself from your competitors. Use a creative approach, but stay professional.

3. Checking for availability

Before you can finally choose a name, you need to make sure that it is not registered by another company in Ireland. Use the Ireland Office Registration Company’s (CRO) online service to check names and make sure that your name is not misleading about your business or too similar to existing names.

4. Legal requirements

Ireland has certain legal requirements for company names, including restrictions on the use of certain words and expressions. For example, you may need special permission to use words such as “bank”, “insurance”, and “group”.

5. International suitability

If you plan to do business outside of Ireland, make sure that your name sounds good and doesn’t have negative connotations in other languages.

6. Domain name and social networks

Check the availability of the corresponding domain name and social media accounts. This is important for creating a unified online presence and making it easier for customers to find your company online.

7. Future development

When choosing a title, think long-term. It should be flexible enough to meet the potential expansion of the business in the future.

8. Professional feedback

Feel free to ask for feedback from friends, family, or professionals. Sometimes an external view can help you see things that you might have missed.

Choosing a name for your company in Ireland is not only a legal necessity, but also an important element of your marketing and branding strategy. Give this process time and attention to make sure that your name will contribute to the success of your business.

 Business Register in Ireland

The Business Register in Ireland, known as the Companies Registration Office (CRO), plays a key role in managing the country’s corporate affairs. It is responsible for registering companies and business names in Ireland, as well as providing access to corporate information about these entities. In this article, we will look in detail at the process of registering a business in Ireland, the requirements and features of a business register.

Company registration process

  1. Choosing the type of company: The first step for an entrepreneur is to choose the right type of company. There are various forms of legal entities in Ireland, including private limited liability companies (LTD), public joint stock companies (PLC), guarantee companies, external companies, and others.
  2. Submission of documents: To register a company, you must submit relevant documents to the CRO, including the company’s charter (Memorandum and Articles of Association), Form A1 (application for registration) and, in some cases, other specialized forms. A corresponding fee is also required.
  3. Company Name: Your company name must be unique and not similar to existing names in the CRO register. Before applying for registration, it is recommended to check the name through the online CRO system.
  4. Registration address: The company must have a registered office in Ireland, the address of which will be used for official correspondence.

Registering a business name

If you do business under a name other than your own name or the name of your company, you will need to register that business name with the CRO. The process involves submitting an RBN1 form(for sole proprietors or partnerships) or RBN1B1(for corporate bodies) and paying the appropriate fee.

Online registration and electronic services

CRO offers convenient electronic services through its website and CORE (Companies Online Registration Environment) system, allowing you to submit most forms online and simplify the registration process.

Access to corporate information

CRO provides the public with access to information about registered companies and business names through its website. This includes information about directors, secretaries, registered address, authorized capital, and submitted financial statements.


The Business Register in Ireland plays an important role in maintaining transparency and order in the country’s corporate sector. It not only facilitates the registration and management of companies and business names, but also provides access to important corporate information for investors, partners and the public. Following the established procedures and requirements, entrepreneurs can successfully register and operate their business in Ireland, taking advantage of the benefits that this jurisdiction offers.


“Starting a business in Ireland is a streamlined process, particularly considering Dublin’s reputation for fostering a business-friendly atmosphere. Given my specialization in this field, I am eager to offer assistance. Please feel free to reach out to us for further information.”



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The process of company formation in Ireland involves choosing a business structure, selecting a company name, preparing required documents, registering with the Companies Registration Office (CRO), obtaining a registered office address, and appointing directors and a company secretary. Once submitted, the CRO reviews the application, and upon approval, issues a Certificate of Incorporation.

The time it takes to open a company in Ireland can vary, but it typically takes about 2 to 4 weeks. This timeframe depends on factors such as the type of company, the completeness of documentation, and the efficiency of the registration process.

Ireland is known for its business-friendly environment and offers several features that make it an attractive jurisdiction for companies. Some key features include:

  1. Low Corporate Tax Rate: Ireland has a relatively low corporate tax rate, making it appealing to businesses. The standard corporate tax rate is 12.5%.
  2. Double Taxation Treaties: Ireland has an extensive network of double taxation treaties, which helps prevent businesses from being taxed on the same income in multiple jurisdictions.
  3. English Language: English is the primary language of business in Ireland, making it easier for international companies to operate and communicate.
  4. Common Law Legal System: Ireland follows a common law legal system, which provides stability and predictability for businesses.
  5. EU Membership: Ireland is a member of the European Union, providing companies with access to the EU market and various trade benefits
  6. Skilled Workforce: Ireland has a well-educated and skilled workforce, particularly in sectors like technology, finance, and pharmaceuticals.
  7. Government Support: The Irish government provides support and incentives for businesses, including research and development tax credits, grants, and other financial incentives.
  8. Proximity to Europe: Ireland's strategic location provides easy access to European markets, making it a gateway for businesses looking to expand into the EU.
  9. Transparent Regulatory Environment: Ireland has a transparent and well-regulated business environment, with clear rules and regulations.
  10. Ease of Company Formation: The process of company formation in Ireland is relatively straightforward, and there are various business structures available to suit different needs.

It's important to note that while Ireland offers many advantages, individual circumstances may vary, and businesses should seek professional advice to ensure compliance with regulations and to make informed decisions based on their specific requirements.

Types of companies in Ireland include Private Limited Company (Ltd), Public Limited Company (PLC), Company Limited by Guarantee (CLG), Designated Activity Company (DAC), Limited Partnership (LP), Sole Trader, Partnership, Branch Office, and Representative Office.

To open a bank account in Ireland, choose a bank, gather required documents (ID, proof of address, and income), visit a branch or apply online, complete the application, undergo verification, receive account details, activate the account, and collect any provided cards or cheques. Specific requirements may vary by bank.

Yes, non-residents can open a company in Ireland. There are no restrictions on the nationality or residency of company directors or shareholders.

For a company registered in Ireland:

Shareholders: A private company limited by shares in Ireland can have a minimum of one shareholder and a maximum of 149 shareholders.

Board Members: A private company must have a minimum of one director, and there is no maximum limit specified by law. However, the company's constitution may prescribe a maximum number.

The corporate tax rate in Ireland is 12.5%.

Yes, details of company owners (shareholders) in Ireland are generally available to the public. The Companies Registration Office (CRO) in Ireland maintains a public register where information about companies, including details about directors and shareholders, can be accessed by the public. This information includes the names and addresses of company directors and, if applicable, shareholders. Keep in mind that the level of detail may depend on the type of company structure and the specific regulations in place.

Private limited companies can be formed with a nominal share capital, and the shareholders' liability is limited to the amount unpaid on their shares. However, the company's constitution or specific industry regulations may influence the share capital structure.

RUE customer support team


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At the moment, the main services of our company are legal and compliance solutions for FinTech projects. Our offices are located in Vilnius, Prague, and Warsaw. The legal team can assist with legal analysis, project structuring, and legal regulation.

Company in Lithuania UAB

Registration number: 304377400
Anno: 30.08.2016
Phone: +370 661 75988
Email: [email protected]
Address: Lvovo g. 25 – 702, 7th floor, Vilnius,
09320, Lithuania

Company in Poland Sp. z o.o

Registration number: 38421992700000
Anno: 28.08.2019
Phone: +48 50 633 5087
Email: [email protected]
Address: Twarda 18, 15th floor, Warsaw, 00-824, Poland

Regulated United Europe OÜ

Registration number: 14153440–
Anno: 16.11.2016
Phone: +372 56 966 260
Email:  [email protected]
Address: Laeva 2, Tallinn, 10111, Estonia

Company in Czech Republic s.r.o.

Registration number: 08620563
Anno: 21.10.2019
Phone: +420 775 524 175
Email:  [email protected]
Address: Na Perštýně 342/1, Staré Město, 110 00 Prague

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