Georgia Crypto Tax 1

Georgia Crypto Tax

In recent years, Georgia has attracted the attention of the international community as one of the leading countries in terms of adapting cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies. This is reflected in the tax policy, which plays a key role in the formation of a favourable investment climate. This article discusses the main aspects of cryptocurrency taxation in Georgia and provides recommendations for foreign investors planning to operate in this jurisdiction.

Tax regime for cryptocurrencies

Main provisions

Georgia does not charge income tax on cryptocurrency transactions for individual investors, which makes it one of the most attractive countries for investment in this area. At the same time, it should be noted that standard tax rates apply to legal entities if their activities can be qualified as regular business operations.

Value added tax (VAT)

Under current legislation, cryptocurrency transactions are exempt from VAT, which reduces additional financial burdens on operators and investors.

Personal income tax

Individual investors who earn income from trading cryptocurrencies are not subject to income tax. This provision creates favourable conditions for individuals seeking to maximise their profits from cryptocurrency transactions.

Regulatory environment

Georgia is constantly working to improve its cryptocurrency legislation. To date, the country lacks specialised regulation of cryptocurrencies, which provides some freedom for experimentation and innovation in this area. However, investors should be aware of the potential risks associated with the lack of a clear regulatory framework.


Georgia offers one of the most attractive tax environments for cryptocurrency investors. The absence of income tax for individuals and VAT exemption for cryptocurrency transactions makes the country an attractive destination for investments in this area. Nevertheless, potential investors should carefully assess all risks associated with investing in jurisdictions with no specific regulation of cryptocurrencies. Effective utilisation of the advantages of the Georgian tax system will require a thorough understanding of local legislation and active interaction with tax advisors.

Crypto mining tax in Georgia

Georgia is one of the leading cryptocurrency mining countries in the world, thanks to available energy resources and a loyal tax policy. Understanding the nuances of taxation of cryptocurrency mining in Georgia will help entrepreneurs and investors maximise the efficiency of their investments and minimise tax liabilities.

Tax policy for cryptocurrency mining

Main aspects of taxation

Despite the attractiveness of Georgia for cryptocurrency mining operations, it is important to note that the country’s tax system provides for certain obligations for operating businesses in this field. The key points are as follows:

  1. Income tax: Legal entities registered in Georgia and engaged in cryptocurrency mining are liable to pay income tax at the standard rate of 15%. This rate applies to the company’s net profit after deducting all allowable expenses.
  2. VAT: Cryptocurrency mining operations in Georgia are exempt from value added tax (VAT), which is a significant advantage for mining operations.
  3. Equipment import: An important aspect for mining operations is the ability to import mining equipment without paying customs duties and VAT, which significantly reduces the initial capital costs.

Personal income tax

Individuals engaged in mining cryptocurrencies are not subject to income tax on income received from the sale of mined cryptocurrencies if such activity is not a regular commercial activity.

Regulatory environment and legislative initiatives

Currently, there is no specialised legislation regulating cryptocurrency mining in Georgia. However, given global trends and growing interest in the sector, it is possible that new regulations may be introduced that may affect the tax and operational environment for activities in this area.


Georgia presents significant advantages for cryptocurrency mining, including low electricity costs, favourable taxation and simplified importation of equipment. These factors make the country attractive for large-scale cryptomining investments. However, potential investors and operators should consider the need for comprehensive planning and the possibility of a changing regulatory environment, which requires constant monitoring and adaptation to new conditions. Effective tax planning and proper business structuring will be key success factors in this area.

Corporate income tax in Georgia

Georgia has been actively promoting itself in recent years as a country with a favourable investment climate and a simplified tax system. One of the key aspects attracting foreign business is corporate income tax. In this article we will look at the specifics of corporate profit taxation in Georgia, possible tax incentives and practical tips for effective tax planning.

Income tax rate

Georgia has a corporate income tax rate of 15%, which is one of the lowest rates in Europe. This rate applies to net income, i.e. income minus expenses, which is legally recognised as tax deductible.

Tax benefits and incentives

Georgian tax legislation offers a number of incentives for certain sectors and activities:

  1. Free Industrial Zones (FIZs): Enterprises operating in SPZs are exempt from profit tax, which makes these zones particularly attractive for manufacturing and export-oriented companies.
  2. Technology parks: Companies operating within special technology parks also benefit from income tax exemptions, which favours the development of innovative and technological projects.
  3. Agricultural sector: Specific incentives are provided for the agricultural sector, including tax holidays and subsidies, which support agricultural development.

Peculiarities of taxation for foreign companies

Foreign companies that operate in Georgia through a permanent establishment are obliged to pay profit tax in the same amount as local companies. This ensures a level playing field for all business structures. However, it is important to take into account double taxation treaties, which can significantly reduce the tax burden.

Planning and accounting

To maximise the effectiveness of tax planning and tax compliance, companies are advised to:

  • Careful planning of all financial transactions and calculations;
  • Use the services of qualified accountants and tax consultants to optimise the tax burden;
  • Be regularly updated on changes in tax laws to avoid potential penalties and sanctions.


Corporate income tax in Georgia represents one of the many reasons why the country attracts foreign investment. The low rate, tax exemptions for certain sectors and non-discrimination of foreign investors create favourable conditions for business development. However, success in tax planning requires careful preparation and a professional approach.

Net wealth tax in Georgia

Georgia, in its endeavour to stimulate economic development and attract foreign investment, offers one of the most loyal tax systems in the region. One aspect that deserves attention is the net property tax, which has a number of features that distinguish the Georgian tax system from many others.

Basis of net property taxation in Georgia

Currently, Georgia does not have a net wealth tax for individuals in the traditional sense, which taxes an individual’s total property or capital. This is a significant advantage for attracting and retaining both local and foreign investors.

For legal entities, there is also no net wealth tax in the classical sense. Instead, taxation is linked to specific assets, such as real estate and vehicles, which are subject to other tax liabilities.

Property tax

Although there is no direct net property tax, an important element of the system is the property tax. This tax is levied on property owners and is calculated based on the cadastral value of the property. The tax rates depend on the location and type of property, but they remain relatively low and represent a minor burden for owners.

Tax benefits and investment incentives

Georgia offers a number of tax breaks and incentives to stimulate business and investment:

  • Exemptions for Free Industrial Zones: Companies operating in Free Industrial Zones are exempt from many types of taxes, including property and land taxes.
  • Special Economic Zones: Similar to SPZs, Special Economic Zones offer favourable conditions for certain types of activities, facilitating the development of technological, innovative and production projects.


The absence of net wealth tax in Georgia makes the country attractive to individuals and companies looking for a jurisdiction with a low tax burden. However, tax planning and asset management require careful consideration and knowledge of local laws and regulations. Working with qualified tax advisors and lawyers can help maximise the benefits of the Georgian tax system and avoid potential complications.

 Capital gains tax in Georgia

Georgia attracts foreign investors with its simple and transparent tax system, which includes tax incentives and low tax rates. One important aspect for investors is the capital gains tax, which taxes income received from the sale of assets. Understanding this tax will help investors to better plan their investments and minimise their tax liabilities.

Determination and rates of tax

In Georgia, capital gains tax applies to the difference between the sale price of an asset and its original cost. This tax applies to both individuals and legal entities and includes gains realised from the sale of real estate, shares, bonds and other types of assets.

The capital gains tax rate for legal entities is 15%. For individuals who received income from the sale of real estate or other assets, this tax is also 15% if the assets have been owned for more than one year. However, it is important to note that income from the sale of shares and corporate bonds on the organised market in Georgia is exempt from capital gains tax.

Exemptions and exemptions

Georgian tax legislation provides for a number of exemptions and reliefs from capital gains tax:

  • Exemption for small enterprises: Small businesses whose annual income does not exceed a specified threshold may be exempt from capital gains tax.
  • Investment funds: Investment funds and pension funds are exempt from capital gains tax on income from investments in shares and bonds.

Tax planning and strategies

In order to optimise tax liabilities, it is important to use strategic tax planning, which may include the following approaches:

  • Long-term asset ownership: Maintaining asset ownership for more than one year can help reduce tax liabilities through a lower tax rate.
  • Reinvestment of profits: Reinvesting gains from the sale of assets in other assets or business projects in Georgia may contribute to further tax optimisation.


Capital gains tax in Georgia represents an important element of tax planning for investors. Due to its relatively low rates and the availability of various incentives and exemptions, Georgia remains an attractive jurisdiction for capital investment. Understanding all aspects of capital gains taxation will help investors and companies effectively manage their tax liabilities and facilitate the growth of their investments.

 Social security tax in Georgia

Georgia offers a unique tax model, especially with regard to social security, which differs significantly from the systems adopted in most other countries. This system provides for minimum obligations for employers and employees, thereby incentivising employment and entrepreneurial activity. In this article we will look at the current state of social security tax in Georgia, its peculiarities and its impact on the business environment.

Peculiarities of social security taxation

Unlike many countries where social security tax is shared between employer and employee, Georgia does not have a traditional social security tax. There are no compulsory contributions for pension or health insurance through the state system by employers or employees.

Tax policy and social payments

Although there is no traditional social security tax, the state provides basic social guarantees that are financed from the country’s general budget. These support measures include minimum pensions for the elderly, disability benefits and child allowances for low-income families.

Business impact

The absence of social security tax has a significant positive impact on the business environment in Georgia:

  • Reduced overall tax burden: Companies and entrepreneurs experience a lower tax burden, allowing them to invest more in business development and increase employee salaries.
  • Simplified administration: Not having to keep complex records of social contributions simplifies accounting and reduces administrative costs.
  • Attracting foreign investors: A favourable tax policy encourages foreign investment in Georgia’s economy, helping to create new jobs and improve the economic climate.

Recommendations for employers

To maximise the benefits of not having a traditional social security tax, employers are advised:

  • Development of corporate social programmes: Creating in-house social security and employee benefits programmes can be a significant competitive advantage and contribute to staff loyalty and motivation.
  • Informing employees: Conducting seminars and training sessions for employees about personal financial planning and investment opportunities can help them better understand and appreciate the benefits of the current system.
  • Co-operation with financial consultants: Consultations with experts will help optimise the company’s financial strategy and ensure better conditions for business development.


The absence of a traditional social security tax in Georgia provides unique opportunities for business development and attracting foreign investment. This system not only reduces the tax burden, but also encourages employers to develop their own social programmes, which can significantly improve the social protection of employees at the corporate level.

 Value added tax (VAT) in Georgia

Value Added Tax (VAT) is one of the key elements of the tax system of Georgia, which plays an important role in the formation of the country’s budget. Understanding the mechanisms of VAT and the ability to apply it correctly is essential for every entrepreneur seeking to operate in Georgia. In this article we will consider the specifics of VAT in Georgia, its rates, conditions of exemption from taxation and provide recommendations on how to optimise tax liabilities.

Definition and rate of VAT

VAT in Georgia is levied on the value of goods, works and services sold or consumed in the country. The basic rate of VAT is 18% and it applies to many goods and services, except for specific categories that may be exempted from taxation or taxed at a preferential rate.

Registration for VAT purposes

Any company or individual entrepreneur in Georgia whose turnover exceeds 100,000 Georgian Lari (GEL) in any consecutive 12 months is required to register as VAT payers. Registration gives the right to deduct VAT paid on the purchase of goods and services, which significantly reduces the tax burden on businesses.

Exemptions and exemptions

In Georgia, there are a number of transactions exempt from VAT:

  • Export of goods and services – fully exempt from VAT, which stimulates export activities of enterprises.
  • Medical services and medicines, educational services, as well as a number of financial services and insurance are also not subject to VAT.
  • Operations in free industrial zones are also exempt from VAT, making these zones attractive for investment.

VAT declaration and payment procedure

VAT payers are obliged to submit a monthly tax return and pay VAT by the 15th day of the month following the reporting period. The electronic system of the Georgian Tax Service allows simplifying and automating the process of filing declarations and paying taxes.

Tax planning and VAT minimisation strategies

Effective tax planning can significantly reduce the VAT burden on a business. Important:

  • Properly organise accounting and tax accounting.
  • Optimise supply chains and logistics to minimise VAT.
  • Take advantage of VAT deduction opportunities, especially for export activities.


Value Added Tax plays an important role in the Georgian economy, providing a significant part of the state budget revenues. Understanding the principles of working with VAT, knowing the conditions of its calculation and the ability to use the benefits and exemptions from taxation will allow entrepreneurs to significantly reduce tax liabilities and increase the efficiency of their business.

 Dividend tax in Georgia

Dividend tax is an important part of any country’s tax system, influencing shareholders’ investment decisions and companies’ profit distribution strategies. Georgia, due to its investment-attractive tax policy, offers favourable conditions for domestic and foreign investors. In this article we will consider the specifics of dividend taxation in Georgia and suggest strategies to optimise tax liabilities.

Main provisions of dividend tax

In Georgia, dividend tax is set at 5%, which is significantly lower than in many other countries. This makes Georgia an attractive jurisdiction for investment, especially for those interested in dividend income.

Who is liable to pay tax on dividends?

Dividend tax in Georgia is paid by both residents and non-residents. The tax is withheld at the source of payment, which simplifies the tax payment procedure and eliminates the need to declare this income for the recipient of dividends.

Benefits and exemptions

One of the significant advantages for residents of Georgia is the exemption from tax on dividends received from companies registered in free industrial zones, which stimulates business activity in these zones.

Impact of dividend tax on investment decisions

The low dividend tax rate makes Georgia attractive for long-term equity investments in local companies. Investors can expect higher after-tax returns compared to other countries with higher tax rates on dividends.

Strategies to minimise tax liabilities

To maximise dividend income, investors should consider the following strategies:

  • Use of double taxation treaties: Georgia has concluded many such treaties, which may further reduce the tax burden on foreign investors.
  • Investing through specialised financial instruments: Investing through mutual funds or other specialised investment structures may offer additional tax benefits.
  • Reinvestment of dividends: Reinvesting dividends in additional shares or other assets in Georgia can further enhance capital growth and optimise tax liabilities.


Georgia’s dividend tax system offers significant advantages for investors, making it one of the most attractive in the region for capital investment. The low tax rate, ease of tax payment and tax planning opportunities allow for efficient investment management and maximisation of dividend income.

 Personal income tax in Georgia

Personal income tax is a key element of the tax system of any country, including Georgia. This article aims to explain the basic principles of personal income taxation in Georgia, describe tax rates, exemptions and special conditions for residents and non-residents, and suggest strategies for tax optimisation.

Main provisions of personal income tax

Georgia has a progressive system of taxation of personal income, which means different tax rates depending on the level of income. The standard tax rate is 20%, but there are certain conditions and exemptions that can change this percentage.

Residency and taxation

Residents of Georgia are taxed on all their income, regardless of the source (world income), while non-residents are taxed only on income received within the country. Resident status is acquired if a person stays in Georgia for more than 183 days during 12 consecutive months.

Income categories

Personal income includes salaries, income from entrepreneurial activity, interest, dividends, rent payments and other types of income. It is important to note that interest and dividends are taxed at special rates, which makes investment activities in Georgia particularly attractive.

Benefits and exemptions

Georgian tax legislation provides for a number of exemptions and reliefs from tax:

  • Income below a certain minimum threshold is not taxable.
  • There are special tax rates for certain categories of income, such as dividends and interest.
  • Benefits are provided for certain social and professional groups of the population.

Tax optimisation strategies

In order to minimise the tax burden and improve the financial situation in Georgia, individuals are recommended to use the following strategies:

  • Utilisation of all available tax credits and exemptions.
  • Planning income and expenditure in such a way as to maximise the use of the progressive tax scale.
  • Maintain accurate records of all income and expenses for correct declaration.


Personal income tax in Georgia provides both challenges and opportunities for citizens and residents of the country. Understanding the tax rules and actively using all available benefits and tax optimisation strategies can significantly improve the financial situation and reduce mandatory payments to the budget. This in turn contributes to the economic stability and attractiveness of Georgia as a country for living and doing business.

 How do I pay taxes on crypto in Georgia in 2024?

Cryptocurrencies continue to attract the attention of investors and entrepreneurs around the world, including Georgia, due to their potential for high returns. However, an important aspect of conducting cryptocurrency-related activities is understanding tax obligations. In this article, we will look at how cryptocurrency transactions should be taxed in Georgia in 2024, taking into account recent changes in tax legislation.

Main provisions of cryptocurrency taxation in Georgia

In 2024, cryptocurrencies are officially recognised as assets in Georgia, which are subject to taxation depending on the nature of the transactions. Income from cryptocurrencies may be classified as capital gains or as business income.

Tax on capital gains

If a cryptocurrency is purchased for investment purposes and sold after a certain period of time, the profit from such sale is considered as capital gains. The capital gains tax rate for individuals in Georgia is 20%. This tax is payable only if the cryptocurrency is realised and the profit is actually received.

Tax on income from entrepreneurial activities

If transactions involving cryptocurrencies are carried out on a regular and organised basis, the income may be classified as income from entrepreneurial activity. In this case, the standard income tax rate of 15% for legal entities applies.

Practical steps for paying taxes on cryptocurrencies

  1. Determining the status of income: It is important to clearly distinguish between transactions that are investment and those that are business activities in order to correctly apply tax rates.
  2. Keeping records of transactions: Keeping detailed records of all cryptocurrency transactions on a regular basis is mandatory. This includes purchase and sale dates, acquisition costs, selling prices and realised gains or losses.
  3. Submission of tax returns: Tax returns must be submitted to the Georgian Tax Service within the established deadlines. For individuals, it is usually 1 April of the year following the reporting period.
  4. Use of professional assistance: Given the complexities of tax legislation, it is recommended to engage professional tax advisors to optimise tax liabilities and avoid mistakes.


Doing business with cryptocurrencies in Georgia requires understanding and complying with tax obligations. Proper cryptocurrency tax management not only facilitates legitimate business operations, but also minimises the risks associated with tax audits. From 2024, it is important to keep up to date with the latest changes in tax legislation in order to effectively manage investments and avoid unforeseen tax consequences.

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